Tag Archives: duplex roller chain

China Best Sales Transmission Drive Bush Roller Duplex Engineering Mechanical Industrial Standard Conveyor Chain

Product Description

Model NO. 06C/08A/10A/12A/16A/20A/24A/28A/32A/40A/06B/08B/10B/12B/16B/20B/24B/28B/32B/40B-1/2/3
Heavy duty
Chain Model Roller Chains
Structure (for Chain) Roller Chain
Specification GB/T, DIN, ANSI, ISO, BS, JIS.
Origin HangZhou, ZheJiang
Color Solid Color
Chain Color Customized

Our company

Wolff Chain Co. is 1 of the professional chain manufacturers in China. We focus on reseaching, manufacturing and trading of the chain drive with famous brands — “DOVON” and “DECHO”. We supply OEM services for many famous enterprises such as SUZUKI, XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS., FAW, AGCO, JUMING as well. 

Wolff mainly producing the Transmission chains,Conveyor chains,Dragging Chains,Silent chains,Leaf chains,Roller chains,Special chain and many other series of chain products. Our technicians a have improved the chains quality to the world-level. High quality material selection, powerful and precise heat-treatment technology and excellent assembly methods ensure Wolff chains meet the tough and strict requirements for machines and vehicles. 

All of our products completely conform to the international standard such as ISO\DIN\ANSI\BS\JIS, etc. Wolff has been successfully certified by ISO9001 Quality Management System,SGS inspection and BV inspection. Wolff chains can be widely applied to many industries including automobile, motorcycle, forklift, wood processing machine, constructure machine, packing machine, food machine,tobacco machine and agricultural equipments. Wolff chains are popular in America,South America,Europe,Middle East, South East Asia and Africa markets.

Our workshop

Our certification

Welcome to our exhibition

FAQ

Q1. What is your terms of packing?
A: Generally, we pack our goods in single color box. If you have special request about packing, pls negotiate with us in advance, we can pack the goods as your request.

Q2. What is your terms of payment?
A: T/T 30% as deposit, and 70% before delivery. We’ll show you the photos of the products and packages 
before you pay the balance. Other payments terms, pls negotiate with us in advance, we can discuss.

Q3. What is your terms of delivery?
A: EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF.

Q4. How about your delivery time?
A: Generally, it will take 25 to 30 days after receiving your advance payment. The specific delivery time depends 
on the items and the quantity of your order.

Q5. Can you produce according to the samples?
A: Yes, we can produce by your samples or technical drawings. We can build the molds and fixtures.

Q6. What is your sample policy?
A: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock, but the customers have to pay the sample cost and 
the courier cost.We welcome sample order.

Q7. Do you test all your goods before delivery?
A: Yes, we have 100% test before delivery

Q8: How do you make our business long-term and good relationship?
1. We keep good quality and competitive price to ensure our customers benefit ;
2. We respect every customer as our friend and we sincerely do business and make friends with them, 
no matter where they come from.

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Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment
Surface Treatment: Oil Blooming
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in food processing industries?

Yes, bush chains can be used in food processing industries, provided that they meet certain criteria to ensure food safety and hygiene. When selecting a bush chain for food processing applications, several factors should be considered:

1. Material compatibility: The chain material should be food-grade and suitable for contact with food products. Stainless steel, particularly austenitic stainless steel grades like 304 and 316, is commonly used due to its corrosion resistance, durability, and ease of cleaning. These materials are non-toxic and do not contaminate the food.

2. Lubrication: In food processing applications, it is important to consider the lubrication requirements. Some bush chains are available with self-lubricating properties or require food-grade lubricants that are safe for incidental contact with food. This ensures that the lubrication used does not pose a risk of contamination.

3. Cleanability: The bush chain should be designed in a way that allows for easy cleaning and maintenance. Smooth surfaces, without crevices or hard-to-reach areas, are preferred to prevent the accumulation of food particles, bacteria, or other contaminants. The chain should also withstand frequent cleaning processes, including washdowns with cleaning solutions or high-pressure water.

4. FDA and regulatory compliance: It is important to ensure that the bush chain and associated components comply with relevant food safety regulations, such as those set by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the United States or similar regulatory bodies in other countries. Compliance with these regulations helps to maintain food safety standards.

5. Sanitary design: The bush chain should adhere to sanitary design principles, which include features such as smooth surfaces, no exposed threads, and easy disassembly for cleaning. This helps prevent the growth of bacteria and ensures the chain can be effectively sanitized.

By considering these factors and selecting a bush chain that meets the specific requirements of the food processing industry, it is possible to use bush chains safely and effectively in various applications, including conveying, sorting, packaging, and processing of food products.

bush chain

How do you properly maintain and lubricate a bush chain?

Maintaining and lubricating a bush chain is essential to ensure its optimal performance and longevity. Here are the steps to properly maintain and lubricate a bush chain:

1. Regular Inspection: Perform regular visual inspections of the bush chain to check for any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Inspect the sprockets and bushings for wear patterns or excessive play. Replace any worn or damaged components.

2. Cleaning: Before lubricating the chain, clean it thoroughly to remove dirt, debris, and old lubricant. Use a suitable cleaning agent and a brush or compressed air to clean the chain effectively.

3. Lubrication: Apply the appropriate lubricant to the bush chain. The lubricant should be specifically designed for chain applications and provide adequate protection against wear and friction. Consider factors such as the operating conditions, temperature, and speed when selecting the lubricant.

4. Proper Lubricant Application: Apply the lubricant evenly to the bush chain while rotating the chain manually or running it at a slow speed. Ensure that all the chain components, including the bushings, pins, and rollers, are properly lubricated. Avoid over-lubrication as it can attract more dirt and debris.

5. Tensioning and Alignment: Maintain proper chain tension and alignment to prevent excessive wear and premature failure. Check the chain tension regularly and adjust it as needed. Ensure that the sprockets are aligned properly to avoid side loads and uneven wear.

6. Regular Maintenance: Establish a regular maintenance schedule for the bush chain. This includes periodic inspections, lubrication, and adjustments. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for maintenance intervals and procedures.

7. Environmental Considerations: Take into account the environmental conditions in which the bush chain operates. Extreme temperatures, humidity, or corrosive atmospheres may require special lubricants or additional protective measures.

By following these maintenance and lubrication practices, you can ensure the smooth operation, extended service life, and optimal performance of your bush chain.

bush chain

What industries commonly use bush chains?

Bush chains are widely used in various industries that require reliable and efficient power transmission systems. Here are some industries that commonly utilize bush chains:

1. Manufacturing and Machinery: Bush chains find extensive use in manufacturing and machinery applications. They are employed in conveyors, assembly lines, packaging equipment, machine tools, and other machinery where reliable and smooth power transmission is essential.

2. Automotive: The automotive industry relies on bush chains for various applications, including engine timing systems, camshaft drives, timing belts, and other critical automotive components. Bush chains offer the durability and strength required for high-speed and high-torque applications.

3. Agriculture: Bush chains play a crucial role in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They are used for transmitting power in these rugged and demanding environments, providing reliable operation even under heavy loads.

4. Material Handling: The material handling industry heavily utilizes bush chains in conveyor systems, elevators, escalators, and other equipment involved in the movement of goods. Bush chains offer the strength and durability required for handling heavy loads and continuous operation.

5. Mining and Quarrying: In mining and quarrying operations, bush chains are employed in various equipment, including crushers, screens, conveyors, and bucket elevators. They withstand the harsh conditions and heavy loads encountered in these industries.

6. Energy and Power Generation: Bush chains are used in power plants, renewable energy systems, and other energy-related applications. They are utilized in equipment such as turbines, generators, pumps, and conveyors to transmit power efficiently and reliably.

7. Construction and Heavy Equipment: The construction industry relies on bush chains in equipment like cranes, excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. These chains provide the necessary power transmission for the movement of heavy loads and the operation of various construction machinery.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use bush chains. However, bush chains have a broad range of applications and can be found in many other industries where reliable power transmission is required.

China Best Sales Transmission Drive Bush Roller Duplex Engineering Mechanical Industrial Standard Conveyor Chain  China Best Sales Transmission Drive Bush Roller Duplex Engineering Mechanical Industrial Standard Conveyor Chain
editor by CX 2024-01-11

China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
16ASS-2 25.4-0-0. p. 211. Retrieved 17 May 2-0-0. p. 86. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
 Green 1996, pp. 2337-2361
 “ANSI G7 Standard Roller Chain – Tsubaki Europe”. Tsubaki Europe. Tsubakimoto Europe B.V. Retrieved 18 June 2.
External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roller chains.
The Complete Xihu (West Lake) Dis. to Chain
Categories: Chain drivesMechanical power transmissionMechanical power control
Company Workshop
Company Certifications
Safe And Efficient Delivery
Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.
 
Q: If products have some quality problem, how would you deal with?
A: We will responsible for all the quality problems.
 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-load applications?

Yes, bush chains are commonly used in high-load applications due to their robust design and ability to handle heavy loads. The construction of a bush chain allows it to transmit significant amounts of force and torque, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

Bush chains are designed with solid bushings and precision rollers that provide excellent load-carrying capacity. The bushings act as a bearing surface between the pins and the rollers, reducing friction and allowing for smooth rotation under high loads.

Furthermore, bush chains are available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different load requirements. They are made from durable materials such as alloy steel or stainless steel, which further enhances their strength and load-bearing capabilities.

When selecting a bush chain for a high-load application, it is important to consider factors such as the anticipated load magnitude, operating conditions, and the desired safety margin. Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are also essential to ensure optimal performance and extend the service life of the bush chain in high-load applications.

Overall, bush chains are a reliable choice for transmitting high loads and are widely used in industries such as mining, construction, heavy machinery, and material handling.

China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-11-08

China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
16ASS-2 25.4-0-0. p. 211. Retrieved 17 May 2-0-0. p. 86. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
 Green 1996, pp. 2337-2361
 “ANSI G7 Standard Roller Chain – Tsubaki Europe”. Tsubaki Europe. Tsubakimoto Europe B.V. Retrieved 18 June 2.
External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roller chains.
The Complete Xihu (West Lake) Dis. to Chain
Categories: Chain drivesMechanical power transmissionMechanical power control
Company Workshop
Company Certifications
Safe And Efficient Delivery
Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.
 
Q: If products have some quality problem, how would you deal with?
A: We will responsible for all the quality problems.
 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

bush chain

What are the benefits of using a corrosion-resistant bush chain?

A corrosion-resistant bush chain offers several advantages in various applications where exposure to moisture, chemicals, or other corrosive elements is a concern. Here are the key benefits:

1. Extended service life: Corrosion-resistant bush chains are specifically designed to withstand corrosive environments, resulting in a longer service life compared to standard chains. They are resistant to rust, oxidation, and other forms of corrosion, minimizing the risk of premature failure.

2. Reliable performance: By utilizing corrosion-resistant materials, the bush chain maintains its structural integrity and mechanical properties even in corrosive conditions. This ensures reliable and consistent performance over an extended period.

3. Reduced maintenance and downtime: Corrosion-resistant bush chains require less maintenance compared to standard chains. They are less susceptible to damage and wear caused by corrosion, reducing the frequency of lubrication, inspection, and replacement. This results in lower maintenance costs and less downtime for the equipment.

4. Improved safety: Corrosion can weaken a chain, compromising its strength and integrity. By using a corrosion-resistant bush chain, the risk of chain failure and potential accidents is significantly reduced, enhancing workplace safety.

5. Versatility in harsh environments: Corrosion-resistant bush chains can be used in a wide range of applications and industries where exposure to moisture, chemicals, saltwater, or other corrosive agents is prevalent. They are commonly employed in marine environments, chemical processing plants, wastewater treatment facilities, food processing plants, and outdoor equipment.

6. Cost-effective solution: While corrosion-resistant bush chains may have a higher initial cost compared to standard chains, their extended lifespan and reduced maintenance requirements result in long-term cost savings. The lower frequency of chain replacement, repairs, and associated downtime contributes to overall cost-effectiveness.

It is important to select the appropriate corrosion-resistant bush chain based on the specific corrosive agents and environmental conditions it will be exposed to. Consulting with chain manufacturers or industry experts can help in choosing the right chain material and coating for optimal corrosion resistance.

bush chain

What are the noise levels associated with a bush chain?

The noise levels associated with a bush chain can vary depending on several factors. Here are some considerations:

1. Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a significant role in reducing noise levels. Insufficient lubrication or using the wrong type of lubricant can increase friction and generate more noise. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure smooth operation and minimize noise.

2. Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is essential for reducing noise. Excessive slack or excessive tension can lead to increased vibration and noise. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the correct tensioning of the bush chain.

3. Chain Quality: The quality and design of the bush chain can also affect noise levels. High-quality bush chains are engineered to minimize vibration and noise generation during operation.

4. External Factors: Other external factors such as the design of the sprockets, the surrounding environment, and the presence of any additional components or accessories can influence noise levels. Proper alignment of the chain and sprockets, as well as the use of noise-dampening materials or guards, can help reduce noise.

It is important to note that while bush chains may generate some noise during operation, advancements in chain design and materials have significantly reduced noise levels in modern chains. Additionally, regular maintenance and proper installation can further minimize noise levels associated with a bush chain.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-speed applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, but there are certain considerations to keep in mind. While bush chains are known for their durability and strength, they may have limitations in terms of their maximum allowable speed due to factors such as centrifugal forces and dynamic loads.

The speed capability of a bush chain depends on several factors, including the chain design, material, lubrication, and operating conditions. It is important to select a bush chain that is specifically designed for high-speed applications and to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding speed limits.

In high-speed applications, it is crucial to ensure proper chain tensioning and alignment to minimize vibration and reduce the risk of chain failure. Regular maintenance, including lubrication and inspection, is also essential to prevent premature wear and extend the service life of the chain.

Additionally, the selection of a suitable lubricant is important for high-speed bush chain applications. The lubricant should have excellent film strength and provide sufficient protection against wear and friction at high speeds. It is recommended to consult with the chain manufacturer or a lubrication specialist to determine the most suitable lubrication solution.

Overall, while bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, it is essential to consider the specific requirements and limitations of the application and to ensure proper maintenance and lubrication to achieve reliable and efficient operation.

China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-11-07

China Best Sales *25-2 A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Dedicated Special Chain Palm Oil Chain Engineering Roller Chains and Bush Chains in Alloy/Carbon Steel

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
*25-2 *04C-2 6.350 3.30 3.18 2.31 14.5 15.0 6.00 0.80 6.40 7.00/1591 10.0 0.28

*Bush chain: d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Surface Treatment: Polishing
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bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in cleanroom environments?

Yes, bush chains can be used in cleanroom environments depending on the specific requirements and design of the cleanroom. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: The choice of material for the bush chain is crucial in cleanroom applications. Stainless steel or plastic chains are commonly used because they offer excellent corrosion resistance and are easy to clean. These materials also have low particle generation, which is important in maintaining cleanroom standards.

2. Lubrication: In cleanroom environments, lubrication may need to be minimized or eliminated to prevent contamination. Self-lubricating bush chains or dry lubricants can be used to reduce the need for external lubrication, minimizing the risk of particle generation.

3. Design and Construction: The design of the bush chain should minimize the potential for particle accumulation. Smooth surfaces and sealed construction can help prevent the buildup of contaminants. Additionally, the chain should be designed for easy disassembly and cleaning to facilitate regular maintenance.

4. Cleanroom Compatibility: It is essential to verify that the bush chain and any associated components, such as sprockets, meet the cleanroom requirements and standards. They should be made of materials that are compatible with the cleanroom environment and meet any necessary certifications or regulations.

When using a bush chain in a cleanroom environment, proper installation, regular cleaning, and maintenance are essential to ensure optimal performance and prevent any potential contamination. Consulting with experts or suppliers familiar with cleanroom requirements can help in selecting the appropriate bush chain and ensuring compliance with cleanroom standards.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be repaired or does it need to be replaced entirely?

When a bush chain is damaged or worn out, the extent of the damage will determine whether it can be repaired or needs to be replaced entirely. Here are the considerations:

1. Minor Damage: In some cases, minor damage to a bush chain can be repaired. This includes issues such as a few broken or worn-out bushings or pins. These components can be replaced individually without replacing the entire chain.

2. Extensive Damage: If the bush chain has extensive damage, such as multiple broken links, severe wear on multiple components, or damaged sprockets, it may be more cost-effective and efficient to replace the entire chain. Repairing such extensive damage can be time-consuming and may not guarantee the chain’s optimal performance.

3. Chain Length: The length of the chain also plays a role in determining whether it can be repaired. If the damaged section is localized and doesn’t affect the overall length significantly, it may be possible to repair or replace only the affected portion.

4. Age and Condition: The age and overall condition of the bush chain should also be considered. If the chain is already worn out, has undergone multiple repairs, or is nearing the end of its service life, it is generally recommended to replace it entirely to ensure reliable operation.

5. Cost Considerations: Finally, the cost of repair versus replacement should be evaluated. In some cases, the cost of repairs, including labor and replacement parts, may exceed the cost of a new chain. In such instances, it is more economical to replace the chain.

Ultimately, the decision to repair or replace a bush chain depends on the extent of the damage, the chain’s overall condition, and cost considerations. It is advisable to consult with a qualified professional or the chain manufacturer for an accurate assessment and recommendation.

bush chain

What are the advantages of using a bush chain in power transmission systems?

Using a bush chain in power transmission systems offers several advantages:

1. High Strength: Bush chains are designed to handle high loads and provide reliable power transmission. They are capable of transmitting substantial amounts of torque, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.

2. Efficient Power Transfer: Bush chains have low frictional losses, resulting in efficient power transfer from the driving source to the driven components. This efficiency helps optimize system performance and reduce energy consumption.

3. Wide Speed Range: Bush chains can operate at various speeds, from low to high, allowing flexibility in power transmission systems. They can accommodate different rotational speeds and adapt to the specific requirements of the application.

4. Compact Design: Bush chains have a compact and space-saving design, making them suitable for applications where space is limited. Their efficient power transmission capabilities enable the use of smaller and more compact components.

5. Long Service Life: When properly maintained, bush chains have a long service life. They are designed to withstand demanding operating conditions and provide reliable performance over an extended period. This reduces the need for frequent replacements and minimizes downtime.

6. Versatility: Bush chains are available in various sizes, configurations, and materials, allowing them to be used in a wide range of power transmission applications. They can be customized to meet specific requirements, making them versatile for use in different industries and applications.

7. Cost-Effective: Bush chains offer a cost-effective solution for power transmission systems. They are durable, readily available, and relatively easy to install and maintain. Their long service life and efficient operation contribute to overall cost savings in terms of maintenance, replacement, and energy consumption.

When selecting a power transmission system, considering the advantages of using a bush chain can help ensure optimal performance, reliability, and efficiency in the application.

China Best Sales *25-2 A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Dedicated Special Chain Palm Oil Chain Engineering Roller Chains and Bush Chains in Alloy/Carbon Steel  China Best Sales *25-2 A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Dedicated Special Chain Palm Oil Chain Engineering Roller Chains and Bush Chains in Alloy/Carbon Steel
editor by CX 2023-10-23

China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
200-2 40A-2 63.500 39.68 37.85 19.85 151.9 158.8 60.00 8.00 71.55 707.60/16 571 933.6 32.24

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyor
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Derrick, Bush Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in vertical lifting applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in vertical lifting applications. The design and construction of bush chains make them suitable for transmitting power and lifting heavy loads in a vertical direction. Bush chains are commonly used in various vertical lifting systems such as elevators, cranes, hoists, and material handling equipment.

When utilizing a bush chain for vertical lifting, several factors should be considered:

1. Load capacity: Determine the maximum load that the bush chain needs to support during the lifting operation. Select a bush chain with an appropriate load capacity to ensure it can handle the weight of the load.

2. Safety factors: Consider the safety requirements and regulations for vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the selected bush chain meets the necessary safety standards and has a sufficient factor of safety to handle the intended load.

3. Speed and acceleration: Evaluate the desired lifting speed and acceleration. Take into account the weight of the load, the distance to be lifted, and the required lifting time. Ensure that the bush chain is capable of safely lifting the load at the desired speed and acceleration.

4. Tensioning and alignment: Proper tensioning and alignment are crucial for the smooth and reliable operation of a bush chain in vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the bush chain is properly tensioned and aligned to prevent issues such as chain slack, skipping, or jamming.

5. Lubrication: Provide adequate lubrication to reduce friction and wear between the bush chain components. Lubrication helps to prolong the life of the chain and ensures smooth movement during the lifting operation. Select the appropriate lubrication method based on the application requirements and operating conditions.

It is important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and specifications when selecting and installing a bush chain for vertical lifting applications. Proper maintenance and regular inspections should also be conducted to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the bush chain in the vertical lifting system.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts  China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts
editor by CX 2023-09-08

China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts

Product Description

B Series Short pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/DIN
Chain No.
Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width
between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2 max
mm

Pin length Inner
plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

         Pt         mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average
tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight
per meter
q  kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
32B-2 50.800 29.21 30.99 17.81 124.6 129.6 42.00 7.00/6.0 58.55 450.0/157173 508.5 21.00

*Straight side plates

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Usage: Transmission Chain, Drag Chain, Conveyor Chain, Dedicated Special Chain
Material: Alloy
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in continuous operation applications?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in continuous operation applications. Continuous operation refers to a scenario where the chain is constantly in motion without significant periods of rest.

Bush chains are designed to handle continuous operation and are commonly used in various industrial applications that require continuous power transmission or material handling. They are known for their durability, reliability, and ability to withstand prolonged use.

When selecting a bush chain for continuous operation, it is important to consider factors such as the chain’s load capacity, speed rating, lubrication requirements, and overall durability. It’s crucial to choose a chain that is specifically designed for continuous operation to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Regular maintenance, including proper lubrication and periodic inspections, is essential to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of the bush chain in continuous applications. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines for maintenance and lubrication intervals is crucial to prevent premature wear and ensure reliable operation.

Overall, bush chains are well-suited for continuous operation applications and provide a reliable means of power transmission or material handling in various industries.

bush chain

What are the common signs of wear and tear in a bush chain?

As a bush chain is subjected to regular use and stress, it can exhibit signs of wear and tear over time. Here are some common indicators to look out for:

1. Chain Elongation: One of the most apparent signs of wear in a bush chain is elongation. This occurs when the chain’s pitch increases due to the stretching of the bushings, resulting in a loose and elongated chain. Elongation can lead to improper engagement with the sprockets and affect the overall performance of the chain.

2. Pin and Bushing Wear: The pins and bushings of a bush chain experience friction and wear during operation. Excessive wear can be observed as grooves or significant flattening of the pin surfaces or bushing bores. This wear can lead to increased clearances, reduced chain strength, and compromised performance.

3. Plate Wear: The inner and outer plates of a bush chain can also exhibit signs of wear. This can include visible signs of erosion, thinning of the plates, or rough surfaces. Plate wear can affect the chain’s overall strength and increase the risk of failure.

4. Sprocket Wear: Wear on the teeth of the sprockets is another indication of chain wear. Excessive wear can result in irregular tooth profiles, tooth tip thinning, or significant tooth wear. Sprocket wear can lead to poor chain engagement, increased noise, and reduced efficiency.

5. Misalignment: Misalignment of the chain can cause uneven wear on the pins, bushings, and plates. Signs of misalignment include uneven wear patterns, abnormal noise during operation, and premature failure of the chain components.

6. Increased Noise and Vibration: Excessive wear in a bush chain can result in increased noise and vibration during operation. Unusual rattling, clanking, or grinding sounds may indicate worn-out components or poor chain engagement.

Regular inspection of the chain and being attentive to these signs of wear and tear is crucial. When any of these signs are noticed, it is recommended to take appropriate measures such as replacing the chain or repairing the worn components to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts  China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts
editor by CX 2023-08-31

China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch 04css-2 Industrial Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chain with Link

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
*04CSS-2 6.350 3.30 3.18 2.31 14.50 15.-0-0. p. 211. Retrieved 17 May 2-0-0. p. 86. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
 Green 1996, pp. 2337-2361
 “ANSI G7 Standard Roller Chain – Tsubaki Europe”. Tsubaki Europe. Tsubakimoto Europe B.V. Retrieved 18 June 2.
External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roller chains.
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bush chain

What are the factors to consider when selecting a bush chain material?

When selecting a bush chain material, several factors should be considered to ensure optimal performance and longevity in specific applications. These factors include:

1. Load capacity: The material should have sufficient strength and hardness to withstand the expected load without deformation or failure. Higher load capacities typically require materials with greater tensile strength and wear resistance.

2. Wear resistance: The material should have good wear resistance to withstand the friction and abrasive forces experienced during chain operation. This is particularly important in applications where the chain may come into contact with harsh or abrasive environments.

3. Corrosion resistance: Depending on the operating environment, the chain material should exhibit resistance to corrosion caused by moisture, chemicals, or other corrosive substances. Corrosion-resistant materials, such as stainless steel or certain alloys, are commonly used in applications where exposure to corrosive elements is expected.

4. Temperature resistance: The material should be capable of withstanding the temperature range experienced in the application. High-temperature applications may require materials with heat-resistant properties to prevent deformation or loss of strength.

5. Fatigue strength: The material should have good fatigue strength to withstand repeated stress cycles without experiencing fatigue failure. This is particularly important in applications where the chain undergoes frequent start-stop or reversing movements.

6. Compatibility with lubrication: The chain material should be compatible with the lubricant used in the application. Some materials may require specific lubrication types or may be self-lubricating, while others may have limitations regarding lubrication compatibility.

7. Cost-effectiveness: Consideration should also be given to the cost-effectiveness of the material. Balancing performance requirements with cost considerations is crucial to ensure the best value for the specific application.

By carefully evaluating these factors and considering the specific requirements of the application, the most suitable material for the bush chain can be selected. Common materials used for bush chains include carbon steel, stainless steel, heat-treated alloys, and specialty polymers.

bush chain

How does a bush chain contribute to overall system efficiency?

A bush chain contributes to overall system efficiency in several ways:

1. Power transmission: Bush chains are designed to efficiently transmit power from the driving source to the driven machinery or equipment. They have high tensile strength and can effectively transfer rotational motion, allowing for the efficient transfer of power from the motor or engine to the intended application.

2. Load-bearing capacity: Bush chains are capable of handling heavy loads and are designed to withstand the stresses associated with transmitting power in industrial applications. By efficiently transferring the load, they minimize power losses and reduce the need for additional components or systems.

3. Smooth and reliable operation: Bush chains are constructed with precision-engineered components that work together to provide smooth and reliable operation. They have low friction between the bushings and pins, reducing energy losses and minimizing wear and tear. This results in improved overall system efficiency.

4. Minimal maintenance requirements: Bush chains are designed to operate with minimal maintenance. They have self-lubricating capabilities, reducing the need for frequent lubrication. This not only saves time and resources but also ensures consistent performance and extends the chain’s lifespan.

5. Flexibility and adaptability: Bush chains can be customized and adapted to suit specific application requirements. They are available in various sizes, pitches, and configurations, allowing for easy integration into different systems. This flexibility enhances system efficiency by providing the optimal chain solution for the specific application.

Overall, a properly selected and maintained bush chain contributes to the overall efficiency of a system by minimizing power losses, reducing wear and tear, and providing reliable and smooth operation. It ensures effective power transmission and load-bearing capacity, resulting in improved productivity and reduced downtime.

bush chain

What industries commonly use bush chains?

Bush chains are widely used in various industries that require reliable and efficient power transmission systems. Here are some industries that commonly utilize bush chains:

1. Manufacturing and Machinery: Bush chains find extensive use in manufacturing and machinery applications. They are employed in conveyors, assembly lines, packaging equipment, machine tools, and other machinery where reliable and smooth power transmission is essential.

2. Automotive: The automotive industry relies on bush chains for various applications, including engine timing systems, camshaft drives, timing belts, and other critical automotive components. Bush chains offer the durability and strength required for high-speed and high-torque applications.

3. Agriculture: Bush chains play a crucial role in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They are used for transmitting power in these rugged and demanding environments, providing reliable operation even under heavy loads.

4. Material Handling: The material handling industry heavily utilizes bush chains in conveyor systems, elevators, escalators, and other equipment involved in the movement of goods. Bush chains offer the strength and durability required for handling heavy loads and continuous operation.

5. Mining and Quarrying: In mining and quarrying operations, bush chains are employed in various equipment, including crushers, screens, conveyors, and bucket elevators. They withstand the harsh conditions and heavy loads encountered in these industries.

6. Energy and Power Generation: Bush chains are used in power plants, renewable energy systems, and other energy-related applications. They are utilized in equipment such as turbines, generators, pumps, and conveyors to transmit power efficiently and reliably.

7. Construction and Heavy Equipment: The construction industry relies on bush chains in equipment like cranes, excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. These chains provide the necessary power transmission for the movement of heavy loads and the operation of various construction machinery.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use bush chains. However, bush chains have a broad range of applications and can be found in many other industries where reliable power transmission is required.

China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch 04css-2 Industrial Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chain with Link  China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch 04css-2 Industrial Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chain with Link
editor by CX 2023-08-03

China manufacturer Chain Manufacturer 32A-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Excavator Forklift

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
160-2 32A-2 50.800 28.58 31.55 14.27 123.3 128.1 47.80 6.40 58.55 453.60/103091 533.8 20.14

*Bush chain: d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

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bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in continuous operation applications?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in continuous operation applications. Continuous operation refers to a scenario where the chain is constantly in motion without significant periods of rest.

Bush chains are designed to handle continuous operation and are commonly used in various industrial applications that require continuous power transmission or material handling. They are known for their durability, reliability, and ability to withstand prolonged use.

When selecting a bush chain for continuous operation, it is important to consider factors such as the chain’s load capacity, speed rating, lubrication requirements, and overall durability. It’s crucial to choose a chain that is specifically designed for continuous operation to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Regular maintenance, including proper lubrication and periodic inspections, is essential to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of the bush chain in continuous applications. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines for maintenance and lubrication intervals is crucial to prevent premature wear and ensure reliable operation.

Overall, bush chains are well-suited for continuous operation applications and provide a reliable means of power transmission or material handling in various industries.

bush chain

What are the common signs of wear and tear in a bush chain?

As a bush chain is subjected to regular use and stress, it can exhibit signs of wear and tear over time. Here are some common indicators to look out for:

1. Chain Elongation: One of the most apparent signs of wear in a bush chain is elongation. This occurs when the chain’s pitch increases due to the stretching of the bushings, resulting in a loose and elongated chain. Elongation can lead to improper engagement with the sprockets and affect the overall performance of the chain.

2. Pin and Bushing Wear: The pins and bushings of a bush chain experience friction and wear during operation. Excessive wear can be observed as grooves or significant flattening of the pin surfaces or bushing bores. This wear can lead to increased clearances, reduced chain strength, and compromised performance.

3. Plate Wear: The inner and outer plates of a bush chain can also exhibit signs of wear. This can include visible signs of erosion, thinning of the plates, or rough surfaces. Plate wear can affect the chain’s overall strength and increase the risk of failure.

4. Sprocket Wear: Wear on the teeth of the sprockets is another indication of chain wear. Excessive wear can result in irregular tooth profiles, tooth tip thinning, or significant tooth wear. Sprocket wear can lead to poor chain engagement, increased noise, and reduced efficiency.

5. Misalignment: Misalignment of the chain can cause uneven wear on the pins, bushings, and plates. Signs of misalignment include uneven wear patterns, abnormal noise during operation, and premature failure of the chain components.

6. Increased Noise and Vibration: Excessive wear in a bush chain can result in increased noise and vibration during operation. Unusual rattling, clanking, or grinding sounds may indicate worn-out components or poor chain engagement.

Regular inspection of the chain and being attentive to these signs of wear and tear is crucial. When any of these signs are noticed, it is recommended to take appropriate measures such as replacing the chain or repairing the worn components to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China manufacturer Chain Manufacturer 32A-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Excavator Forklift  China manufacturer Chain Manufacturer 32A-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Excavator Forklift
editor by CX 2023-07-20

China Professional High Quality Duplex Stainless Steel Industrial Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
*04CSS-2 6.350 3.30 3.18 2.31 14.50 15.00 6.00 0.80 6.40 5.0/1124 0.28
*06CSS-2 9.525 5.08 4.77 3.58 22.50 23.30 9.00 1.30 10.13 11.0/2473 0.70
08ASS-2 12.700 7.95 7.85 3.96 31.00 32.20 12.00 1.50 14.38 19.2/4316 1.30
41SS-2 12.700 7.77 6.25 3.53 25.70 26.90 9.91 1.30 11.95 12.0/2698 0.91
10ASS-2 15.875 10.16 9.40 5.08 38.90 40.40 15.09 2.03 18.11 30.4/6834 2.18
12ASS-2 19.050 11.91 12.57 5.94 48.80 50.50 18.00 2.42 22.78 43.4/9757 2.92
16ASS-2 25.400 15.88 15.75 7.92 62.70 64.30 24.00 3.25 29.29 77.8/17490 5.15
20ASS-2 31.750 19.05 18.90 9.53 76.40 80.50 30.00 4.00 35.76 120.0/26977 7.80
24ASS-2 38.100 22.23 25.22 11.10 95.80 99.70 35.70 4.80 45.44 150.0/33720 11.70
28ASS-2 44.450 25.40 25.22 12.70 103.30 107.90 41.00 5.60 48.87 204.0/45859 15.14
32ASS-2 50.800 28.58 31.55 14.27 123.30 128.10 47.80 6.40 58.55 267.6/60156 20.14
04BSS-2 6.000 4.00 2.80 1.85 12.30 13.30 5.00 0.60 5.50 4.0/899 0.22
05BSS-2 8.000 5.00 3.00 2.31 13.90 14.50 7.10 0.80 5.64 6.2/1394 0.37
#06BSS-2 9.525 6.35 5.72 3.28 23.40 24.40 8.20 1.30 10.24 11.8/2653 0.87
08BSS-2 12.700 8.51 7.75 4.45 31.00 32.20 11.80 1.60 13.92 21.0/4721 1.40
10BSS-2 15.875 10.16 9.65 5.08 36.10 37.50 14.70 1.70 16.59 29.1/6542 1.96
12BSS-2 19.050 12.07 11.68 5.72 42.00 43.60 16.00 1.85 19.46 37.0/8318 2.46
16BSS-2 25.400 15.88 17.02 8.28 68.00 71.00 21.00 4.15/3.10 31.88 70.7/15894 5.42
20BSS-2 31.750 19.05 19.56 10.19 77.80 81.50 26.40 4.50/3.50 36.45 105.6/23740 7.87
24BSS-2 38.100 25.40 25.40 14.63 101.70 106.20 33.20 6.00/4.80 48.36 182.0/4571 12.43
28BSS-2 44.450 27.94 30.99 15.90 124.60 129.10 36.70 7.50/6.00 59.56 216.0/48557 16.60
32BSS-2 50.800 29.21 30.99 17.81 124.60 129.60 42.00 7.00/6.00 58.55 270.0/60698 20.34

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush
*Straight side plates
Stainless steel chains are suitable for corrosive conditions involving food,chemicals pharmaceuticals,etc.and also suitable for high and low temperature conditions.

Roller chain
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient[1] means of power transmission.

Though CZPT Renold is credited with inventing the roller chain in 1880, sketches by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century show a chain with a roller bearing.

Construction of the chain
Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

Lubrication
Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.
Variants in design

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

Use

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.
 

Wear

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

Chain strength

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

Chain standards

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25.

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

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Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain, Rotransmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Material: Stainless Steel, Rubber
Type: Bush Chain, Transmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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bush chain

What are the benefits of using a plastic bush chain?

Plastic bush chains offer several advantages in various industrial applications. Here are some benefits of using a plastic bush chain:

1. Corrosion Resistance: Plastic bush chains are highly resistant to corrosion, making them ideal for use in humid or corrosive environments. Unlike metal chains, plastic chains do not rust or deteriorate when exposed to moisture, chemicals, or certain harsh conditions.

2. Lightweight: Plastic bush chains are significantly lighter than their metal counterparts. This lightweight nature reduces the overall weight of the system, making it easier to handle and operate. It also minimizes the load on supporting structures and reduces energy consumption.

3. Low Noise and Vibration: Plastic bush chains produce minimal noise and vibration during operation. Their smooth and quiet operation is beneficial in applications where noise reduction is required, such as in conveyor systems or assembly lines located in noise-sensitive environments.

4. Self-Lubrication: Some plastic bush chains are designed with built-in self-lubricating properties. These chains incorporate lubricating additives or solid lubricants within the plastic material, reducing the need for external lubrication. Self-lubricating plastic bush chains result in reduced maintenance requirements and prolonged chain life.

5. Chemical Resistance: Plastic bush chains exhibit excellent resistance to various chemicals, including oils, solvents, acids, and alkalis. This chemical resistance allows them to maintain their performance and structural integrity even in environments where exposure to chemicals is common.

6. Design Flexibility: Plastic bush chains offer design flexibility, allowing for customization to meet specific application requirements. They can be manufactured in various shapes, sizes, and configurations to accommodate different load capacities, speeds, and operating conditions.

7. Reduced Wear on Equipment: Plastic bush chains have lower friction coefficients compared to metal chains. This reduced friction minimizes wear on the sprockets and other mating components, extending the service life of the entire system and reducing maintenance costs.

8. Electrical Insulation: Plastic bush chains have excellent electrical insulation properties, making them suitable for applications where electrical conductivity needs to be avoided. They can be used in electrical or electronic assembly lines or environments where static electricity control is necessary.

These benefits make plastic bush chains a viable alternative to traditional metal chains in various industries, including food processing, packaging, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and many others.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

What is a bush chain and how does it work?

A bush chain, also known as a bush roller chain or a bushing chain, is a type of roller chain commonly used in mechanical power transmission systems. It consists of a series of interconnected links, known as bushings, that are joined together by pins. The bushings are cylindrical metal sleeves with internal bearings that rotate on the pins.

The working principle of a bush chain is based on the interaction between the rotating bushings and the teeth of the sprockets. The chain is wrapped around two or more sprockets, with one sprocket being the driver and the other(s) being the driven. As the driver sprocket rotates, it pulls the chain, causing the bushings to rotate on the pins.

Each bushing has an outer surface that comes into contact with the sprocket teeth. The engagement between the sprocket teeth and the bushings’ outer surface creates the driving force, allowing power to be transmitted from the driver sprocket to the driven sprocket(s). This rotational motion transfers torque and enables the movement of various mechanical components or systems connected to the driven sprocket(s).

The bush chain design provides several advantages, including high tensile strength, flexibility, and the ability to transmit power over long distances. The bushings and pins are typically made of hardened steel to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Lubrication is essential to reduce friction and prevent premature wear of the bushings and pins.

Bush chains are widely used in various applications, such as industrial machinery, agricultural equipment, automotive systems, and conveyor systems. They are favored for their reliability, efficiency, and ease of installation. Proper maintenance, including regular lubrication and tension adjustment, is necessary to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of a bush chain.

China Professional High Quality Duplex Stainless Steel Industrial Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China Professional High Quality Duplex Stainless Steel Industrial Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-07-19

China 13MM Width Fine Jewelry Men Necklace Sterling Silver 925 Iced Out Moissanite Hip Hop Iced Out Cuban Link Chain duplex roller chain

Product Number: FH1917
Jewellery Principal Materials: silver
Substance Type: 925 Sterling Silver
Diamond condition: Spherical Excellent Reduce
Pearl Type: no
Gender: Unisex, Women’s, Men’s
Primary Stone: moissanite
Jewellery Type: NECKLACES
Necklaces Sort: Chains
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Certification Type: GRA
Chain Type: Website link Chain, Miami Cuban Hyperlink
Plating: Silver Plated, Gold Plated, Rose Gold Plated
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Style: Vintage
Spiritual Kind: no
Inlay technological innovation: Claw Placing
duration: Customized Size
Pass CZPT Tester: Of course
Payment Term: Paypal.Western Union TT
Cargo: DHL EMS UPS TNT FEDEX
Packaging Details: Packed in gift boxes with PP luggage.

*ModelZuanfa Jewelry
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What is Moissanite?Moissanite is regarded as a CZPT different, Factory Cost Bloated established binding elastic diaphragm shaft coupling DJM-Z1 Large Performance disc coupling torque transmission with some optical properties exceeding individuals of diamond. It is promoted as alower price tag alternative to CZPT that also claims less exploitative mining practices. Simply because of its hardness 9.twenty five mohs, it canbe utilized in higher-stress experiments, as a alternative for diamonds.As the best substitute to organic diamonds:*Moissanite Hardness/Longevity: 9.twenty five Mohs *Response to Dust: Resist to grime *Refractive Index: 2.65 *Coloration and Clarity: Minor bit yellowish compared to cubic zirconia *Chemical Ingredient: Silicon and Carbon Our manufacturing facility can personalize any layout of clasp for you. Customers’ Assessment Delivery & Payment Company Profile Customized Made Provider Heat Guidelinesone: Please supply your idea of jewellery you want, like pic.2: Supply these information beneath to get a quotation.Content , Dimension , Stone amount ,Plain style or totally stone style? Weight information.3: Following receiving payment, will commence to make CAD, Then deliver you CAD for examine if ok or not.4: If have modification on CAD, inform us ASAP to make method go faster.5: When items completed, Wholesale Jewelry Prolonged Choker Women Pendant CZPT Stainless Steel Custom made Necklace if everything ok, we will deliver them to you. Packing & Shipping and delivery Package:Standard deal with PP bagsCustom package with containers, speak to usDelivery:Quick supply:by DHL,UPS,FedEx,TNT.Slow shipping:by epacket FAQ 1: How to make custom made manufactured purchase?To start with, you should send out us your idea about jewellery, we need to have these information to give you estimatedprice: size, bodyweight, comprehensive big pictures from distinct angles, plain design or entirely iced out 3D layout.Soon after we get these information, Source wheel hub bearing DAC30600037 for front wheel bearing of truck bearing we will give you approximated value, so ultimate value possibly diverse from original estimated cost. Hopecustomers recognize.2: After I get estimate, how to keep on for Moissanite Tennis Chain?Right after customers acknowledge price tag, we will make invoice. After payment accomplished, we will arrange CAD drawing. Certainly we will usually demonstrate CADto clients for acceptance.Any revisetment, you should tell us in time to conserve time.3: How about payment?Typically beneath 1000USD, we demand entire funds, over this sum, we inquire for thirty% deposit to begin, and ahead of cargo, chargefinal equilibrium 70%.4: How about shipment Moissanite Tennis Chain?DHL is our initial selection, considering that it is risk-free and rapidly. If you choose others, Profesional CZPT H61 Orange Magnesium Alloy BrakeSide Clutch Cover Assembly you should contact us.5: How about package deal?We use PP bag to wrap every pcs jewellery, then place them tidely in 1 box with some sponge paper within to stay away from any harm.More inquiries, remember to speak to us whenever.Many thanks

chain

Different types of drive chains

Drive chains are an important part of many different types of machinery. In this article, we’ll cover a variety of different types, from square links to engineered steel. From there, we’ll discuss different types of chains, such as double and leaf chains. Let’s take a closer look at each one. Once you know what kind of chain you’re looking for, you can make a buying decision. If you’re not sure where to start, read on to learn more about these types of chains, what to look for when choosing, and how to choose the right chain for your specific application.

Engineering Steel Chain

Engineering steel chains are widely used in conveyors, bucket elevators, tensioning links, transmission chains, etc., and have the characteristics of high strength, low friction, and good shock resistance. Early models of these chains were developed for difficult-to-convey applications. They were originally made of all-steel components with flanged rollers made of cast iron. They then increase in size, strength, and spacing in response to the heavy-duty requirements of the industry.
Today, these chains are used in a wide variety of applications, including tough oil drilling operations and forklifts. They offer excellent durability and high power transfer and are available in a variety of materials. They are also ideal for harsh environments such as harsh oil drilling. Their high-strength steel construction means they can handle harsh operating conditions. Their durability is an essential feature of any chain, and CZPT Chains offers a full line of engineered steel chains to meet your exact specifications.
A drive chain made of engineered steel consists of several components: links, pin joints, and sprockets. This allows them to carry heavy loads with minimal stretch. Due to its internal mechanical advantage, the chain runs around the sprockets with almost 100% efficiency. Also, the chain is made of special steel that can withstand certain conditions. They are available in different alloys and grades. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.
Roller chain wear is a major problem for conveyor and drive chains. In these cases, the rollers of the chain are more prone to wear than the bushings, so lubrication is essential. Many chains are designed to work with little or no lubrication. Finally, material selection is an important factor in the design of engineered steel conveyor chains. These factors will help ensure that the chain stays in good shape.

Conveyor Chains with Square Links

There are two basic types of conveyor chains. The first is the square chain, commonly used in cranes and hoists. It’s cheap to manufacture but more prone to overload. The second is a chain that uses hook joints or detachable links. These are used for short-term power transmission and have a lubricating effect. Usually, they are made of malleable iron but can be more expensive.
Another type of chain is the removable steel chain. For moderate loads, this is an easy-to-install option. The closed end of the tab should face the sprocket. It is very important to maintain the alignment of the chain relative to the sprockets. The chain should be adjusted to suit the load before installation. It is important to keep the chain lubricated to prolong its life.
Steel chains offer a wider selection of materials and heat treatments. This chain is also more accurate than its counterpart. Steel bushing chains are less expensive but require more frequent lubrication. Steel roller chains are often used for long conveyor centers or high loads. However, lower friction requirements require lower strength chains. This means that chains with square links are a better choice for smaller conveyors. But this style has its drawbacks.
Bushing chains are made of steel and are an excellent alternative for small-scale applications. The pins are silent and prevent tooth damage. Bushed roller chains are also used to a certain extent as conveyor chains. However, the main advantage of the bushing roller chain is that it does not make any noise at all. Bushed roller chains are made of alloy steel and are suitable for very low-speed applications.
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double chain

Double-strand roller chain, also known as a double-strand, consists of two rows of single-strand links. It has high impact strength, low weight, and a small form factor. Duplex roller chains are manufactured using CZPT technology, which uses solid rollers to improve sprocket tooth rotation and reduce shock loads. During the manufacturing process, the metal is heat-treated to increase strength and reduce corrosion.
A single chain is designed for a single sprocket, while a double chain consists of two identical chains connected side by side. Double chains are more durable than simple chains because double rollers contain roller bearings, pins, and other components. Simplex drive chains can handle high loads, while duplex drive chains are designed for medium-duty applications.

leaf chain

Blade chains are used in reciprocating devices such as forklifts. They are also used in machine tools for counterweight chains. Leaf chains come in a variety of lengths, usually with female or male ends. Leaf chains can be manufactured in even or odd pitches and are ideal for lifting and balancing. This article will introduce some key uses of leaf chains in drive chains. Additionally, we’ll discuss how they are made and how they behave in applications.
Most drive chains today are made from leaf chains. These chains are designed to increase the strength of the chain. However, they are less expensive than other types of chains. You can also purchase specialized leaf chains for certain applications. CZPT Chain also offers custom leaf chains for your unique needs. Leaf chains are commonly used in forklifts, material handling, and lifting applications. They are usually made from high-quality components. The BL1688 Leaf Chain has 8 x 8 laces and is sold in 10-foot boxes or 25- to 100-foot reels. The leaf chain can be cut as needed.
When selecting a leaf chain for a specific application, consider the minimum tensile strength of the chain. The minimum breaking strength must be high enough to protect the worker or machine, but must also be legal for the type of machine. Most manufacturers publish this minimum strength requirement. To make the most durable leaf chain, design engineers must consider the ISO4347 standard when choosing the right leaf chain. Leaf chain manufacturers tend to exceed international standards by about 20%.
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roller chain

Roller chains are made from a variety of materials. Some common materials include steel and stainless steel. The most suitable material depends on cost, environmental conditions, and horsepower transmission design. Chain manufacturers can optimize the material for the intended use. Depending on its size, spacing, and special construction techniques, it can be made lighter or heavier. This is an advantage for applications in noise-sensitive environments. Below are some examples of common uses for roller chains.
The wear of the components in a roller chain is an unavoidable part of its operation. The amount of elongation depends on factors such as lubrication, load, and the frequency of articulation between the pin and bushing. Manufacturing critical wear parts require careful attention to detail. Proper raw materials, manufacturing, and assembly are critical to product performance and longevity. If these components aren’t of high quality, they won’t last as long as the chain should.
The industry recommends measuring the wear elongation of the roller chain to determine when it needs to be replaced. Proper safety procedures must be used to measure chain tension. The tight span of the chain shall be measured by applying the measuring load specified by ANSI. A correctly measured roller chain is safe to use. For motorcycles, the chain is bigger and stronger. Often, toothed belts are replaced by shaft drives because they are less noisy and require less maintenance.
Tensile strength is the most commonly used measurement method for roller chains. This measurement represents the amount of load the chain can withstand before it breaks. Fatigue strength is another measure of durability. Fatigue strength measures how long a roller chain can withstand long-term use before failing. These two measurements are closely related and maybe the same or different. In addition to tensile strength, fatigue strength is a useful factor to consider when purchasing a chain.

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editor by Cx 2023-07-03