Tag Archives: heavy duty roller chains

China high quality High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ISO/ANSI

Chain No.
 

Pitch
P
mm
 
Roller diameter

d1max
mm
 

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
 
Pin diameter

d2max
mm
 

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 
Plate thickness
Tmax
mm
 
Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
 
Tensile strength
Qmin
kN/lbf
 
Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
 
Weight per meter
q kg/m
 
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
80H-3 25.400 15.88 15.75 7.92 101.4 102.9 24.00 4.00 32.59 170.1/38659 203.5 9.42

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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bush chain

What are the factors to consider when selecting a bush chain material?

When selecting a bush chain material, several factors should be considered to ensure optimal performance and longevity in specific applications. These factors include:

1. Load capacity: The material should have sufficient strength and hardness to withstand the expected load without deformation or failure. Higher load capacities typically require materials with greater tensile strength and wear resistance.

2. Wear resistance: The material should have good wear resistance to withstand the friction and abrasive forces experienced during chain operation. This is particularly important in applications where the chain may come into contact with harsh or abrasive environments.

3. Corrosion resistance: Depending on the operating environment, the chain material should exhibit resistance to corrosion caused by moisture, chemicals, or other corrosive substances. Corrosion-resistant materials, such as stainless steel or certain alloys, are commonly used in applications where exposure to corrosive elements is expected.

4. Temperature resistance: The material should be capable of withstanding the temperature range experienced in the application. High-temperature applications may require materials with heat-resistant properties to prevent deformation or loss of strength.

5. Fatigue strength: The material should have good fatigue strength to withstand repeated stress cycles without experiencing fatigue failure. This is particularly important in applications where the chain undergoes frequent start-stop or reversing movements.

6. Compatibility with lubrication: The chain material should be compatible with the lubricant used in the application. Some materials may require specific lubrication types or may be self-lubricating, while others may have limitations regarding lubrication compatibility.

7. Cost-effectiveness: Consideration should also be given to the cost-effectiveness of the material. Balancing performance requirements with cost considerations is crucial to ensure the best value for the specific application.

By carefully evaluating these factors and considering the specific requirements of the application, the most suitable material for the bush chain can be selected. Common materials used for bush chains include carbon steel, stainless steel, heat-treated alloys, and specialty polymers.

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle different speeds and loads?

Bush chains are designed to handle various speeds and loads in industrial applications. Here’s how they accommodate different operating conditions:

1. Speed: Bush chains are engineered to operate effectively at different speeds, ranging from low-speed to high-speed applications. The design and materials used in the chain construction ensure smooth and reliable performance even at high rotational speeds. The chain’s pitch, diameter, and strength are factors considered during the selection process to match the required speed.

2. Load capacity: Bush chains are designed to withstand different load capacities, including both static and dynamic loads. The chain’s strength, determined by factors such as the material used, chain size, and construction, is critical in handling different loads. The appropriate chain size and strength must be selected to ensure that the chain can safely and reliably transmit the required loads without deformation or failure.

3. Lubrication: Proper lubrication is essential for the smooth operation of a bush chain under varying speeds and loads. Lubrication reduces friction and wear between the chain components, allowing the chain to operate efficiently. Depending on the application, lubrication can be achieved through various methods, including manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

4. Material selection: The choice of materials for the bush chain components plays a crucial role in handling different speeds and loads. High-strength materials, such as hardened steel or alloys, are commonly used for the chain plates, pins, and bushings to ensure the necessary strength and durability. Additionally, specialized coatings or surface treatments may be applied to enhance wear resistance and reduce friction.

5. Design considerations: The design of the bush chain, including factors such as the number of links, link shape, and articulation, is optimized to distribute the load evenly and promote smooth engagement with the sprockets. These design elements help minimize stress concentration points and ensure efficient power transmission.

By considering factors such as speed, load capacity, lubrication, material selection, and design, bush chains are able to handle a wide range of operating conditions. Proper selection and maintenance of the bush chain are essential to ensure optimal performance, longevity, and safety in various industrial applications.

bush chain

What are the different types of bush chains available?

There are several types of bush chains available, each designed to meet specific application requirements. Here are some common types:

1. Standard Bush Chains: These chains have a simple construction with bushings and rollers. They are commonly used in general industrial applications that require moderate load capacity and speed.

2. Heavy-Duty Bush Chains: These chains are designed for applications that involve high loads, such as heavy machinery or equipment. They have a robust construction with thicker plates and larger diameter bushings to withstand the increased demands.

3. Extended Pitch Bush Chains: These chains have a larger pitch than standard chains, providing more space between each link. They are often used in applications that require conveying large or irregularly shaped objects, such as in material handling or packaging industries.

4. Double-Pitch Bush Chains: These chains have double the pitch of standard chains, allowing for longer spans between sprockets. They are commonly used in applications that require longer conveying distances or lower-speed operation.

5. Stainless Steel Bush Chains: These chains are made from stainless steel material, offering excellent corrosion resistance. They are suitable for applications in corrosive environments or industries with strict hygiene requirements, such as food processing or pharmaceutical manufacturing.

6. Self-Lubricating Bush Chains: These chains incorporate special materials or coatings that provide self-lubrication properties. They eliminate the need for external lubrication and reduce maintenance requirements. Self-lubricating bush chains are ideal for applications where regular lubrication is challenging or impractical.

7. Specialty Bush Chains: There are also specialty bush chains available for specific applications. These may include high-temperature chains, flame-resistant chains, or chains with specialized coatings for specific industries or environments.

When selecting a bush chain, consider the specific requirements of your application, such as load capacity, speed, environmental conditions, and maintenance needs. Consult with a supplier or engineer to determine the most suitable type of bush chain for your application.

China high quality High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China high quality High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-10-07

China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ISO/ANSI

Chain No.
 

Pitch
P
mm
 
Roller diameter

d1max
mm
 

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
 
Pin diameter

d2max
mm
 

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 
Plate thickness
Tmax
mm
 
Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
 
Tensile strength
Qmin
kN/lbf
 
Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
 
Weight per meter
q kg/m
 
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
80H-3 25.400 15.88 15.75 7.92 101.4 102.9 24.00 4.00 32.59 170.1/38659 203.5 9.42

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
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7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
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1 Meter(Min.Order)

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bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in abrasive or dirty environments?

Yes, bush chains are designed to operate effectively in abrasive or dirty environments. They are constructed using durable materials and have features that make them suitable for such conditions. Here are some key points to consider:

1. Material selection: When using a bush chain in abrasive or dirty environments, it’s important to select a material that can withstand the harsh conditions. Chains made from materials such as stainless steel or hardened steel are often preferred due to their high resistance to corrosion and abrasion.

2. Sealed or shielded design: To protect the chain from dirt, dust, and abrasive particles, some bush chains are available with sealed or shielded designs. These features prevent contaminants from entering the chain’s internal components, reducing the risk of premature wear and damage.

3. Proper lubrication: Lubrication plays a crucial role in the performance and longevity of a bush chain, especially in abrasive or dirty environments. Using a high-quality lubricant that can withstand the contaminants present is essential. It helps to reduce friction, prevent corrosion, and flush out debris, ensuring smooth operation of the chain.

4. Regular maintenance and cleaning: Regular maintenance is necessary to keep a bush chain operating optimally in abrasive or dirty environments. This includes cleaning the chain to remove built-up debris and contaminants that may impair its performance. Inspections should be conducted to identify any signs of wear or damage that require attention.

5. Protective covers or guards: In some cases, it may be beneficial to use additional protective covers or guards to further shield the bush chain from abrasive or dirty materials. These can provide an extra layer of protection and help extend the chain’s service life.

It’s important to consider the specific requirements of the application and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for abrasive or dirty environments. By taking proper precautions and implementing appropriate measures, bush chains can effectively operate in these challenging conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 80h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-29

China supplier Heavy Duty Series 80h-2 Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI
Chain No.
 
Pitch

P
mm
 

Roller diameter

d1max
mm
 

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
 
Pin diameter

d2max
mm
 

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm
 

Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
 
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf
 

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
 
Weight per meter
q kg/m
 
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
80H-2 25.400 15.88 15.75 7.92 68.8 70.3 24.00 4.00 32.59 113.4/25773 145.3 6.15

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.
See Also

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
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Customization:
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bush chain

What are the benefits of using a plastic bush chain?

Plastic bush chains offer several advantages in various industrial applications. Here are some benefits of using a plastic bush chain:

1. Corrosion Resistance: Plastic bush chains are highly resistant to corrosion, making them ideal for use in humid or corrosive environments. Unlike metal chains, plastic chains do not rust or deteriorate when exposed to moisture, chemicals, or certain harsh conditions.

2. Lightweight: Plastic bush chains are significantly lighter than their metal counterparts. This lightweight nature reduces the overall weight of the system, making it easier to handle and operate. It also minimizes the load on supporting structures and reduces energy consumption.

3. Low Noise and Vibration: Plastic bush chains produce minimal noise and vibration during operation. Their smooth and quiet operation is beneficial in applications where noise reduction is required, such as in conveyor systems or assembly lines located in noise-sensitive environments.

4. Self-Lubrication: Some plastic bush chains are designed with built-in self-lubricating properties. These chains incorporate lubricating additives or solid lubricants within the plastic material, reducing the need for external lubrication. Self-lubricating plastic bush chains result in reduced maintenance requirements and prolonged chain life.

5. Chemical Resistance: Plastic bush chains exhibit excellent resistance to various chemicals, including oils, solvents, acids, and alkalis. This chemical resistance allows them to maintain their performance and structural integrity even in environments where exposure to chemicals is common.

6. Design Flexibility: Plastic bush chains offer design flexibility, allowing for customization to meet specific application requirements. They can be manufactured in various shapes, sizes, and configurations to accommodate different load capacities, speeds, and operating conditions.

7. Reduced Wear on Equipment: Plastic bush chains have lower friction coefficients compared to metal chains. This reduced friction minimizes wear on the sprockets and other mating components, extending the service life of the entire system and reducing maintenance costs.

8. Electrical Insulation: Plastic bush chains have excellent electrical insulation properties, making them suitable for applications where electrical conductivity needs to be avoided. They can be used in electrical or electronic assembly lines or environments where static electricity control is necessary.

These benefits make plastic bush chains a viable alternative to traditional metal chains in various industries, including food processing, packaging, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and many others.

bush chain

What are the design considerations for a bush chain system?

When designing a bush chain system, several key considerations should be taken into account to ensure its reliable and efficient operation. These design considerations include:

1. Load capacity: Evaluate the expected loads that the bush chain system will need to handle. Consider the weight, size, and type of materials or products being conveyed or transmitted. Select a bush chain with a suitable load capacity to ensure it can withstand the required loads.

2. Speed and acceleration: Determine the desired operating speed and acceleration of the bush chain system. This will influence the selection of chain pitch, material, and lubrication requirements. Higher speeds may require additional considerations such as reduced friction or increased precision.

3. Environmental conditions: Evaluate the operating environment for the bush chain system. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and presence of corrosive or abrasive substances. Select a bush chain material and coating that can withstand the environmental conditions and resist corrosion or wear.

4. Space limitations: Assess the available space for the installation of the bush chain system. Consider the dimensions and layout of the equipment, conveyor, or transmission system. Ensure that there is sufficient clearance for the chain’s movement and that the system can be properly tensioned and aligned.

5. Alignment and tensioning: Proper tensioning and alignment are critical for the smooth operation of a bush chain system. Design the system to include tensioners, idler sprockets, or adjustable mounting options to facilitate easy tensioning and alignment adjustments.

6. Lubrication and maintenance: Determine the lubrication requirements of the bush chain system. Consider the frequency and method of lubrication, as well as any accessibility constraints for maintenance. Select a lubrication method that suits the application, such as manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

7. Safety considerations: Ensure that the bush chain system is designed with appropriate safety measures. Incorporate guards, covers, or enclosures where necessary to prevent accidental contact with moving parts. Consider emergency stop systems and safety interlocks for the protection of personnel and equipment.

By carefully considering these design factors, a bush chain system can be optimized for performance, reliability, and longevity in a specific application or industry.

bush chain

How do you select the right bush chain for your application?

Choosing the right bush chain for your application is essential to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some factors to consider when selecting a bush chain:

1. Load Capacity: Evaluate the maximum load that the chain will need to transmit. Consider factors such as weight, acceleration, and shock loads. Choose a bush chain with a load capacity that exceeds the anticipated load to ensure reliable operation.

2. Speed: Determine the operating speed of the chain. Higher speeds may require chains with specialized designs to minimize wear, reduce friction, and maintain accurate timing.

3. Environmental Conditions: Assess the environmental conditions in which the chain will operate. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and exposure to corrosive substances. Select a bush chain that is designed to withstand the specific conditions of your application.

4. Size and Configuration: Determine the required chain size based on the available space and the dimensions of the sprockets or pulleys. Consider the pitch, width, and overall dimensions of the chain. Additionally, assess whether a standard or custom configuration is needed to meet the application requirements.

5. Lubrication Requirements: Determine the lubrication method and frequency required for the chain. Some bush chains are self-lubricating, while others may require regular lubrication. Consider the availability of lubrication systems and the maintenance requirements of the chain.

6. Reliability and Durability: Assess the expected operational lifespan and the reliability requirements of your application. Look for bush chains from reputable manufacturers known for producing high-quality, durable products. Consider factors such as wear resistance, fatigue strength, and overall reliability.

7. Cost: Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the bush chain, considering both the initial investment and long-term maintenance costs. Balance the performance requirements with the available budget.

Consult with a knowledgeable supplier or engineer to ensure you select the right bush chain that meets your specific application requirements. They can provide guidance based on their expertise and help you choose a chain that offers optimal performance and durability.

China supplier Heavy Duty Series 80h-2 Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China supplier Heavy Duty Series 80h-2 Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-17

China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 120h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ISO/ANSI

Chain No.
 

Pitch
P
mm
 
Roller diameter

d1max
mm
 

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
 
Pin diameter

d2max
mm
 

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
 
Plate thickness
Tmax
mm
 
Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
 
Tensile strength
Qmin
kN/lbf
 
Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
 
Weight per meter
q kg/m
 
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
120H-3 38.100 22.23 25.22 11.10 151.2 155.2 35.70 5.60 48.87 381.0/86591 444.7 19.64

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Stainless Steel, Alloy
Type: Derrick, Bush Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

bush chain

How does a bush chain compare to other types of power transmission systems?

Bush chains offer several advantages and differences compared to other types of power transmission systems. Here are some key points of comparison:

1. Simple design and construction: Bush chains have a relatively simple design, consisting of inner and outer plates connected by bushings and pins. This simplicity makes them easy to manufacture, assemble, and maintain compared to more complex power transmission systems.

2. High strength and durability: Bush chains are known for their high strength and durability. They are designed to withstand heavy loads and resist wear, making them suitable for demanding industrial applications.

3. Wide range of speed and load capacities: Bush chains are capable of handling a wide range of speeds and loads. They can effectively transmit power in both high-speed and high-torque applications, providing versatility in various industrial settings.

4. Compact size and space-saving: Bush chains have a compact design, allowing them to be used in tight spaces and constrained environments. They offer efficient power transmission without requiring excessive space or complicated installations.

5. Cost-effective solution: Bush chains are often a cost-effective option for power transmission systems. Their simple design and availability of standardized components make them affordable compared to more specialized systems.

6. Reliable and low-maintenance: Bush chains are known for their reliability and require minimal maintenance. Proper lubrication and periodic inspections are typically sufficient to keep them operating smoothly and extend their service life.

7. Limited shock absorption: While bush chains provide excellent power transmission capabilities, they have limited shock absorption compared to systems like belts or elastomeric couplings. This makes them more suitable for applications where consistent power transmission is required rather than situations with significant shock loads.

Overall, bush chains offer a balance of strength, reliability, and cost-effectiveness, making them a popular choice for power transmission in various industrial settings.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in vertical lifting applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in vertical lifting applications. The design and construction of bush chains make them suitable for transmitting power and lifting heavy loads in a vertical direction. Bush chains are commonly used in various vertical lifting systems such as elevators, cranes, hoists, and material handling equipment.

When utilizing a bush chain for vertical lifting, several factors should be considered:

1. Load capacity: Determine the maximum load that the bush chain needs to support during the lifting operation. Select a bush chain with an appropriate load capacity to ensure it can handle the weight of the load.

2. Safety factors: Consider the safety requirements and regulations for vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the selected bush chain meets the necessary safety standards and has a sufficient factor of safety to handle the intended load.

3. Speed and acceleration: Evaluate the desired lifting speed and acceleration. Take into account the weight of the load, the distance to be lifted, and the required lifting time. Ensure that the bush chain is capable of safely lifting the load at the desired speed and acceleration.

4. Tensioning and alignment: Proper tensioning and alignment are crucial for the smooth and reliable operation of a bush chain in vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the bush chain is properly tensioned and aligned to prevent issues such as chain slack, skipping, or jamming.

5. Lubrication: Provide adequate lubrication to reduce friction and wear between the bush chain components. Lubrication helps to prolong the life of the chain and ensures smooth movement during the lifting operation. Select the appropriate lubrication method based on the application requirements and operating conditions.

It is important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and specifications when selecting and installing a bush chain for vertical lifting applications. Proper maintenance and regular inspections should also be conducted to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the bush chain in the vertical lifting system.

bush chain

How does a bush chain differ from other types of chains?

A bush chain, also known as a bush roller chain or bushing chain, differs from other types of chains in its construction and design. Here are the key ways in which a bush chain differs:

1. Bushing Design: The main distinguishing feature of a bush chain is the presence of bushings or sleeves between the inner and outer links. These bushings serve as bearings that reduce friction and wear between the chain components, resulting in smoother operation and increased chain life.

2. Simplex, Duplex, and Triplex Configurations: Bush chains are available in different configurations, including simplex, duplex, and triplex. These configurations refer to the number of strands of chain running parallel to each other. This allows for increased load capacity and higher torque transmission in the chain system.

3. Link Plate Design: The link plates in a bush chain are typically thicker and heavier compared to other types of chains. This design provides enhanced strength and durability, allowing the chain to withstand heavy loads and resist elongation under tension.

4. Precision Bushing Fit: The bushings in a bush chain have a precise fit with the pins, which ensures proper alignment and smooth rotation. This reduces friction, minimizes wear, and improves the overall efficiency of the chain system.

5. Lubrication Requirements: Bush chains usually require regular lubrication to maintain optimal performance and reduce friction between the components. Lubrication helps prevent wear and corrosion, ensuring the longevity of the chain.

6. Wide Range of Applications: Bush chains are versatile and find applications in various industrial settings, including machinery, automotive systems, agriculture, material handling, mining, and more. Their robust construction and ability to handle high loads make them suitable for demanding applications.

Overall, the inclusion of bushings, the configuration options, and the design characteristics of bush chains distinguish them from other types of chains. Their unique features make them ideal for applications that require durability, high load capacity, and reduced friction for reliable power transmission.

China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 120h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China supplier High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 120h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-08

China OEM Heavy Duty Series 40H-1 Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI
Chain No.
Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width
between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner
plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average
tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight
per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
40H-1 12.700 7.95 7.85 3.96 18.8 19.9 12.00 2.03 14.1/3205 19.1 0.82

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
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The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

Usage: Transmission Chain, Drag Chain, Conveyor Chain, Dedicated Special Chain
Material: Alloy
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Feature: Heat Resistant
Chain Size: Roller Chains
Structure: Roller Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

What are the design considerations for a bush chain system?

When designing a bush chain system, several key considerations should be taken into account to ensure its reliable and efficient operation. These design considerations include:

1. Load capacity: Evaluate the expected loads that the bush chain system will need to handle. Consider the weight, size, and type of materials or products being conveyed or transmitted. Select a bush chain with a suitable load capacity to ensure it can withstand the required loads.

2. Speed and acceleration: Determine the desired operating speed and acceleration of the bush chain system. This will influence the selection of chain pitch, material, and lubrication requirements. Higher speeds may require additional considerations such as reduced friction or increased precision.

3. Environmental conditions: Evaluate the operating environment for the bush chain system. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and presence of corrosive or abrasive substances. Select a bush chain material and coating that can withstand the environmental conditions and resist corrosion or wear.

4. Space limitations: Assess the available space for the installation of the bush chain system. Consider the dimensions and layout of the equipment, conveyor, or transmission system. Ensure that there is sufficient clearance for the chain’s movement and that the system can be properly tensioned and aligned.

5. Alignment and tensioning: Proper tensioning and alignment are critical for the smooth operation of a bush chain system. Design the system to include tensioners, idler sprockets, or adjustable mounting options to facilitate easy tensioning and alignment adjustments.

6. Lubrication and maintenance: Determine the lubrication requirements of the bush chain system. Consider the frequency and method of lubrication, as well as any accessibility constraints for maintenance. Select a lubrication method that suits the application, such as manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

7. Safety considerations: Ensure that the bush chain system is designed with appropriate safety measures. Incorporate guards, covers, or enclosures where necessary to prevent accidental contact with moving parts. Consider emergency stop systems and safety interlocks for the protection of personnel and equipment.

By carefully considering these design factors, a bush chain system can be optimized for performance, reliability, and longevity in a specific application or industry.

bush chain

What industries commonly use bush chains?

Bush chains are widely used in various industries that require reliable and efficient power transmission systems. Here are some industries that commonly utilize bush chains:

1. Manufacturing and Machinery: Bush chains find extensive use in manufacturing and machinery applications. They are employed in conveyors, assembly lines, packaging equipment, machine tools, and other machinery where reliable and smooth power transmission is essential.

2. Automotive: The automotive industry relies on bush chains for various applications, including engine timing systems, camshaft drives, timing belts, and other critical automotive components. Bush chains offer the durability and strength required for high-speed and high-torque applications.

3. Agriculture: Bush chains play a crucial role in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They are used for transmitting power in these rugged and demanding environments, providing reliable operation even under heavy loads.

4. Material Handling: The material handling industry heavily utilizes bush chains in conveyor systems, elevators, escalators, and other equipment involved in the movement of goods. Bush chains offer the strength and durability required for handling heavy loads and continuous operation.

5. Mining and Quarrying: In mining and quarrying operations, bush chains are employed in various equipment, including crushers, screens, conveyors, and bucket elevators. They withstand the harsh conditions and heavy loads encountered in these industries.

6. Energy and Power Generation: Bush chains are used in power plants, renewable energy systems, and other energy-related applications. They are utilized in equipment such as turbines, generators, pumps, and conveyors to transmit power efficiently and reliably.

7. Construction and Heavy Equipment: The construction industry relies on bush chains in equipment like cranes, excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. These chains provide the necessary power transmission for the movement of heavy loads and the operation of various construction machinery.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use bush chains. However, bush chains have a broad range of applications and can be found in many other industries where reliable power transmission is required.

China OEM Heavy Duty Series 40H-1 Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China OEM Heavy Duty Series 40H-1 Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-04

China Hot selling *35h-1 Heavy Duty Series Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

Heavy Duty Series Simplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI
Chain No.
Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width
between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner
plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average
tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight
per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
*35H-1 9.525 5.08 4.77 3.58 13.3 14.3 9.00 1.50 7.9/1795 10.8 0.41

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

What are the noise levels associated with a bush chain?

The noise levels associated with a bush chain can vary depending on several factors. Here are some considerations:

1. Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a significant role in reducing noise levels. Insufficient lubrication or using the wrong type of lubricant can increase friction and generate more noise. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure smooth operation and minimize noise.

2. Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is essential for reducing noise. Excessive slack or excessive tension can lead to increased vibration and noise. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the correct tensioning of the bush chain.

3. Chain Quality: The quality and design of the bush chain can also affect noise levels. High-quality bush chains are engineered to minimize vibration and noise generation during operation.

4. External Factors: Other external factors such as the design of the sprockets, the surrounding environment, and the presence of any additional components or accessories can influence noise levels. Proper alignment of the chain and sprockets, as well as the use of noise-dampening materials or guards, can help reduce noise.

It is important to note that while bush chains may generate some noise during operation, advancements in chain design and materials have significantly reduced noise levels in modern chains. Additionally, regular maintenance and proper installation can further minimize noise levels associated with a bush chain.

bush chain

How does a bush chain differ from other types of chains?

A bush chain, also known as a bush roller chain or bushing chain, differs from other types of chains in its construction and design. Here are the key ways in which a bush chain differs:

1. Bushing Design: The main distinguishing feature of a bush chain is the presence of bushings or sleeves between the inner and outer links. These bushings serve as bearings that reduce friction and wear between the chain components, resulting in smoother operation and increased chain life.

2. Simplex, Duplex, and Triplex Configurations: Bush chains are available in different configurations, including simplex, duplex, and triplex. These configurations refer to the number of strands of chain running parallel to each other. This allows for increased load capacity and higher torque transmission in the chain system.

3. Link Plate Design: The link plates in a bush chain are typically thicker and heavier compared to other types of chains. This design provides enhanced strength and durability, allowing the chain to withstand heavy loads and resist elongation under tension.

4. Precision Bushing Fit: The bushings in a bush chain have a precise fit with the pins, which ensures proper alignment and smooth rotation. This reduces friction, minimizes wear, and improves the overall efficiency of the chain system.

5. Lubrication Requirements: Bush chains usually require regular lubrication to maintain optimal performance and reduce friction between the components. Lubrication helps prevent wear and corrosion, ensuring the longevity of the chain.

6. Wide Range of Applications: Bush chains are versatile and find applications in various industrial settings, including machinery, automotive systems, agriculture, material handling, mining, and more. Their robust construction and ability to handle high loads make them suitable for demanding applications.

Overall, the inclusion of bushings, the configuration options, and the design characteristics of bush chains distinguish them from other types of chains. Their unique features make them ideal for applications that require durability, high load capacity, and reduced friction for reliable power transmission.

China Hot selling *35h-1 Heavy Duty Series Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China Hot selling *35h-1 Heavy Duty Series Simplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-07-31

China factory Drive Corn Harvester Potting Heavy Duty Leaf Transmission Chain C/Ca Type Steel Industrial Agricultural Roller Chains cutting roller chain

Product Description

Company Profile

-HangZhou CHOHO Industrial Co., Ltd. was founded in 1999. Has become the leader of chain system technology, the first batch of natioal recognized enterprise technology center,national technology innovation demonstration enterprise,and the first A-share listed company in China’s chain drive industry.The securities code is 003033.
-CHOHO has 4 subsidiaries, including testing technology and international trading companies. has 4 factories in HangZhou, Thailand factory, ZheJiang R&D Center and Tokyo R&D Center. In addition, CHOHO ZHangZhoug Industrial zone is expected to be completed & put into operation next year.
-We specialized in producing all kinds of standard chains and special chains, such as Agricultural Chain, Sprocket, Chain Harrow, Tillage Parts,Rice Harvester Chain, GS38 Chain, Roller Chain, Automobile Chain, Motorcycle Chain Industrial Chain and so on.Our  partners among world top enterprises, such as LOVOL,NEWHOLLAND, CLASS,AGCO,DEUTZFAHR,HONDA, KUBOTA etc.

Production Capacity Equipment

By 2571,CHOHO has more than 2,700 sets of main production equipment and more than 600 sets of high-precision equipment,With the domestic advanced product laboratory and chain production assembly line, CHOHO has strong research and development and testing capabilities for high-end chain products.

Our Advantages

1. Any inquiry you make will be answered professionally within 6~8 hours.
2. Attaches great importance to product quality and approved by many global quality system certification,such as France, Norway, Germany.
3. Focused on Chain since 1999, have rich experience in Production.
4. High-quality workers,First-class advanced equipment,good quality control,advanced technology.
5. Be Good at Custom-Made Products, provide customized services for customers.
6. Participated in the drafting of 24 national and industrial standards such as chains.As of 2571-Mar, CHOHO has 180 authorized patents.
7. With the responsibility of “Providing high quality chain system with the same service life for the global locomotive industry”, have established a strong R&D team.

CHOHO has a natural brand awareness.  As of January 2571, CHOHO has registered the “CHOHO” trademark in more than 60 countries, including the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia, Spain, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece , Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Ukraine, Sweden, Australia, Algeria, Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, South Korea, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Syria, Thailand, Pakistan, India, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, etc. 

Product Advantages

— Ten CoreTechnologies —

1 Chain strengh preload technology 2 Pin CRV treatment technology
3 Plate smoothly punching technology 4 Bush oil hole technology
5 Vacuum Oiled Technology 6 Precision Punching Technology
7 Low frequency fatigue test technology for lange size chain  8 Chain length comparison technology
9 Variation of silence design technology 10 Chain dynamic testingtechnology technologies

Certifications

CHOHO attaches great importance to product quality and approved by many global quality system certification, such as France, Norway, and Germany. Through the establishment of a sophisticated production management process and quality control system, the entire product process control is achieved. With the introduction of advanced production, processing, and testing equipment, CHOHO has internationally leading full-process quality control capabilities to provide customers with high-quality products.

Choho Provide Chain System Solutions for The Global Top 500 and The Enterprises in Various Fields Top 10!

Broad Customer Channels  Market Continues to Develop!
CHOHO has been invited to participate in domestic & international agricultural machinery exhibitions, such as Hannover Messe, Bologna Fair, Canton Fair ,VIV ASIA and so on!

Packaging & Shipping

Packaging Details: Chain+Plastic Bag+Neutral Box+Wooden case+Big Carton+Steel Pallets or Customization

FAQ

1. Are you manufacturer or trade Company?
    We are a factory focused on producing and exporting Chain over 23 years,have a professional international trade team.
2. What terms of payment you usually use?
    T/T 30% deposit and 70% against document, L/C at sight
3. What is your lead time for your goods?
    Normally 30~45 days.Stock can be shipped immediately.
4. Do you attend any Show?
    We attend Hannover show in Germany, EIMA in Italy, CZPT in France, CIAME in China and many other Agricultural machinery shows.
5.Do you offer free samples?
   Yes,we can.or you just bear the shipping cost.
6.Is OEM available?
   Yes, OEM is available. We have professional designers to help you design.
 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Conveyer Equipment, Agricultural Machinery
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Agricultural Machinery Chian
Samples:
US$ 1/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

chain

drive chain type

Drive chains are used in a variety of industrial applications. Unlike roller chains, which are more efficient in terms of weight and size, drive chains slide on steel guides. Drive chains are often used for dirty work. Here’s what you need to know about the various types of drive chains. In this article, we’ll look at pin chains, engineered steel chains, bushing roller chains, and timing chains. These types are the most common and the most commonly used.

time chain

There are several factors to consider when deciding which drive chain to buy. What matters is how long the chain will last, as the timing chain will stretch over time. However, they are pre-stretched during manufacture to reduce the risk of stretching. Timing chains can also be noisy compared to toothed belt drives, but rails and chain tensioners can alleviate this problem. Timing chains also wear slower than belts, reducing repair costs.
Timing chains require little maintenance compared to belt drives. When well lubricated, timing chains require little maintenance. The only maintenance really required is checking the engine oil level and following the manufacturer’s recommended service intervals. Timing chains of drive chains are also safer than belt drives and can be dangerous if the toothed belt tears. Also, the timing chain only needs minor repairs and replacements. Garages can purchase complete timing chain kits that contain all the parts needed for repairs.
Drive chains can be equipped with roller chains or timing chains, depending on the load on the engine. The style of the timing chain depends on the type of motor used. However, the roller chain is the most common choice due to its high strength and NVH properties. The roller chain has two tabs pressed into the eyes, and two rollers above them. These components work together to improve engine performance.
Many modern vehicles use timing chains. Timing gears synchronize the camshaft and crankshaft so that the valves open and close at the appropriate times. This is critical to the running quality, power output, and fuel consumption of the engine. The timing chain also reduces the amount of pollution emitted by the vehicle. Over the past two decades, many OEMs have turned to time chains for OHC/DOHC engines.

pin chain

Steel pivot chains feature open barrels to reduce blocking and material buildup. These chains are designed for power transmission and transportation applications, often used in agricultural applications. They can be custom welded using specialized accessories. These chains can be used in agricultural, industrial and municipal applications. Here’s a closer look at each. Read on to learn about the benefits of steel pivot chains.
The Long Pitch Class 700 Pivot Chain is a versatile chain for conveying and lifting products. Its T-head pins fit snugly so dust doesn’t get into the pin holes. It is also constructed with a closed bearing structure to prevent elongation due to wear. Steel pivot chains are designed for high fatigue applications and are versatile.

Engineering Steel Chain

Engineered steel drive chain provides maximum power transfer while minimizing weight. Engineering chains are often used for tough oil drilling operations. Designed for durability and tight tolerances, these chains can be used in a variety of industrial equipment. Whether you need to lift heavy objects or store a lot of items, engineered steel chains will do the job. Read on to learn more about the benefits of engineering chains.
Engineered steel chains consist of links or pin joints with large gaps between the components. The material of these chains is designed to handle abrasives. While many of these chains are used as conveyors, some are designed for drives. You can find these chains on conveyors, forklifts, bucket elevators, oil rigs and more. To get the most out of them, they should be able to withstand the power produced by the prime mover.
The chain can withstand high tensile stresses and is ductile enough to withstand fatigue. The center-to-center distance between the chain and sprockets is between 30% and 50% of the pitch. On smaller sprockets, the arc of contact between the teeth and chain must be at least 120 degrees. The resistance of the chain drive depends on the use environment, including vibration, noise, fatigue strength and other factors.
There are many types of engineering steel drive chains, each with a different function. The most commonly used type is the elevator. Its lift mechanism raises and lowers the carriage. Most cranes are attached to the load with hooks. Another type of chain is the oval link. Its links are welded and the sprocket has receivers for each link. It is used in low speed applications for elevators, chain hoists and anchors in offshore operations.

Bushing Roller Chain

Typically, a bushing roller chain as a drive chain consists of two link assemblies. The inner link consists of two plates held together by two sleeves, while the outer link consists of two plates connected by pins that pass through the inner link. However, there are some differences between bushing roller chains. The main difference is the type of link and the amount of lubrication required. If you want to learn more about bushing roller chains, keep reading.
While roller chains are generally stronger and more durable than bushing chains, they are not immune to wear. During the driving cycle, they lengthen and undergo a process called articulation. The rate at which they elongate depends on the lubrication and load applied to them. The frequency of pin and bushing articulation is also critical. Like other wear parts, the manufacture of critical wear parts requires close attention to detail to ensure optimum performance. Correct raw material selection, part fabrication, and assembly are key factors in achieving optimum performance. Improperly prepared parts can affect wear life and performance.
Consider your application and load distribution when selecting a bushing roller chain as your drive chain. The length of the chain must be between 30 and 50 times its pitch. The arc of contact between the small sprocket teeth must be at least 120 degrees. The resistance of the drive chain depends on the usage environment, which will determine its fatigue strength and vibration level. It’s a good idea to check the chain length before deciding to replace it.
chain

flat top chain

The TSplus flat top drive chain is the most flexible conveying medium on the market today. They can be connected end-to-end to create extended conveyor lines. The side bend design allows it to be used with a variety of conveyor types including inline, snake, and carousel conveyors. These chains are available in a variety of sizes, ranging in width from 3 feet to 20 feet.
A variety of materials are available for flat-top chains, including steel and plastic. Steel chains are ideal for applications requiring wear resistance. They are sturdy and well made. Plastic chains are particularly durable, but not suitable for harsh environments. Stainless steel flat top chains are suitable for a variety of applications, and some manufacturers make them from stainless steel or even aluminum. If your application requires a durable flat top chain, choose a chain made from iwis hardened stainless steel.
Another type of flat-top drive chain is the side bend chain. Suitable for flexible machinery requiring efficient conveying. It is equipped with a single hinge pin or double hinge pin. Either option will do, but each hinge pin has its advantages. Single hinge pin chains are suitable for smaller light-duty conveyors, while double hinge pins are more suitable for medium and heavy-duty applications.
CZPT is a modular flat top chain conveyor system. Its standardized components and modules can be easily integrated into any production process. And because it’s a single track, you can lengthen or shorten it as needed. Its versatile design makes it compatible with other conveyor systems such as belts and sprockets. This monorail modular design allows system lengths up to 40 meters and is compatible with other conveyor systems.

China factory Drive Corn Harvester Potting Heavy Duty Leaf Transmission Chain C/Ca Type Steel Industrial Agricultural Roller Chains   cutting roller chainChina factory Drive Corn Harvester Potting Heavy Duty Leaf Transmission Chain C/Ca Type Steel Industrial Agricultural Roller Chains   cutting roller chain
editor by CX 2023-05-29

China high quality High Strength and Wear Resistance Short Pitch Precision 100h-3 Heavy Duty Series Triplex Transmission Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Hot selling

ProductDescription

HeavyDutySeriesTriplexRollerChains& BushChains

 

ISO/ANSI

Chain No.
 

Pitch
P
mm
 

Rollerdiameter

d1max
mm
 

Widthbetweeninner plates
b1min
mm
 

Pindiameter

d2max
mm
 

Pinlength

Innerplatedepth
h2max
mm
 

Platethickness
Tmax
mm
 

Transversepitch
Pt
mm
 

Tensilestrength
Qmin
kN/lbf
 

Averagetensilestrength
Q0
kN
 

Weightpermeter
qkg/m
 

Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
100H-3 31.750 19.05 18.ninety 9.53 121.eight one hundred twenty five.1 thirty.00 4.80 39.09 265.5/60341 314.8 twelve.ninety six

 

ROLLERCHAIN

Rollerchainorbushrollerchainisthetypeofchaindrivemostcommonlyusedfortransmissionofmechanicalpoweronmanykindsofdomestic,industrialandagriculturalmachinery,includingconveyors,wire-andtube-drawingmachines,printingpresses,automobiles,bikes,andbicycles.Itconsistsofa seriesofshortcylindricalrollersheldtogetherbysidelinks.Itisdrivenbya toothedwheelcalleda sprocket.Itisa simple,trustworthy,andefficientmeansofpowertransmission.

CONSTRUCTIONOFTHECHAIN

Twodifferentsizesofrollerchain,showingconstruction.
Therearetwotypesoflinksalternatinginthebushrollerchain.Thefirsttypeisinnerlinks,havingtwoinnerplatesheldtogetherbytwosleevesorbushingsuponwhichrotatetworollers.Innerlinksalternatewiththesecondtype,theouterlinks,consistingoftwoouterplatesheldtogetherbypinspassingthroughthebushingsoftheinnerlinks.The”bushingless”rollerchainissimilarinoperationthoughnotinconstructioninsteadofseparatebushingsorsleevesholdingtheinnerplatestogether,theplatehasa tubestampedintoitprotrudingfromtheholewhichservesthesamepurpose.Thishastheadvantageofremovingonestepinassemblyofthechain.

Therollerchaindesignreducesfrictioncomparedtosimplerdesigns,resultinginhigherefficiencyandlesswear.Theoriginalpowertransmissionchainvarietieslackedrollersandbushings,withboththeinnerandouterplatesheldbypinswhichdirectlycontactedthesprocketteethhoweverthisconfigurationexhibitedextremelyrapidwearofboththesprocketteeth,andtheplateswheretheypivotedonthepins.Thisproblemwaspartiallysolvedbythedevelopmentofbushedchains,withthepinsholdingtheouterplatespassingthroughbushingsorsleevesconnectingtheinnerplates.Thisdistributedthewearovera greaterareahowevertheteethofthesprocketsstillworemorerapidlythanisdesirable,fromtheslidingfrictionagainstthebushings.TheadditionofrollerssurroundingthebushingsleevesofthecZheJiang dprovidedrollingcontactwiththeteethofthesprocketsresultinginexcellentresistancetowearofbothsprocketsandchainaswell.Thereisevenverylowfriction,aslongasthechainissufficientlylubricated.Steady,thoroughly clean,lubricationofrollerchainsisofprimaryimportanceforefficientoperationaswellascorrecttensioning.

LUBRICATION

Manydrivingchains(forexample,infactoryequipment,ordrivinga camshaftinsideaninternalcombustionengine)operateincleanenvironments,andthusthewearingsurfaces(thatis,thepinsandbushings)aresafefromprecipitationandairbornegrit,manyevenina sealedenvironmentsuchasanoilbath.Somerollerchainsaredesignedtohaveo-ringsbuiltintothespacebetweentheoutsidelinkplateandtheinsiderollerlinkplates.Chainmanufacturersbegantoincludethisfeaturein1971aftertheapplicationwasinventedbyJosephMontanowhileworkingforWhitneyChainofHartford,Connecticut.O-ringswereincludedasa waytoimprovelubricationtothelinksofpowertransmissionchains,a servicethatisvitallyimportanttoextendingtheirworkinglife.Theserubberfixturesforma barrierthatholdsfactoryappliedlubricatinggreaseinsidethepinandbushingwearareas.Further,therubbero-ringspreventdirtandothercontaminantsfromenteringinsidethechainlinkages,wheresuchparticleswouldotherwisecausesignificantwear.[citationneeded]

Therearealsomanychainsthathavetooperateindirtyconditions,andforsizeoroperationalreasonscannotbesealed.Examplesincludechainsonfarmequipment,bicycles,andchainsaws.Thesechainswillnecessarilyhaverelativelyhighratesofwear,particularlywhentheoperatorsarepreparedtoacceptmorefriction,lessefficiency,morenoiseandmorefrequentreplacementastheyneglectlubricationandadjustment.

Manyoil-basedlubricantsattractdirtandotherparticles,eventuallyforminganabrasivepastethatwillcompoundwearonchains.Thisproblemcanbecircumventedbyuseofa “dry”PTFEspray,whichformsa solidfilmafterapplicationandrepelsbothparticlesandmoisture.

VARIANTSDESIGN

Layoutofa rollerchain:1.Outerplate,2.Innerplate,3.Pin,4.Bushing,5.Roller
Ifthechainisnotbeingusedfora highwearapplication(forinstanceifitisjusttransmittingmotionfroma hand-operatedlevertoa controlshaftona machine,ora slidingdooronanoven),thenoneofthesimplertypesofchainmaystillbeused.Conversely,whereextrastrengthbutthesmoothdriveofa smallerpitchisrequired,thechainmaybe”siamesed”insteadofjusttworowsofplatesontheoutersidesofthechain,theremaybethree(“duplex”),4(“triplex”),ormorerowsofplatesrunningparallel,withbushingsandrollersbetweeneachadjacentpair,andthesamenumberofrowsofteethrunninginparallelonthesprocketstomatch.Timingchainsonautomotiveengines,forexample,typicallyhavemultiplerowsofplatescalledstrands.

Rollerchainismadeinseveralsizes,themostcommonAmericanNationalStandardsInstitute(ANSI)standardsbeing40,fifty,60,and80.Thefirstdigit(s)indicatethepitchofthechainineighthsofaninch,withthelastdigitbeing0 forstandardchain,1 forlightweightchain,and5 forbushedchainwithnorollers.Therefore,a chainwithhalf-inchpitchwouldbea #40whilea #160sprocketwouldhaveteethspaced2 inchesapart,etc.Metricpitchesareexpressedinsixteenthsofaninchthusa metric#8chain(08B-1)wouldbeequivalenttoanANSI#40.Mostrollerchainismadefromplaincarbonoralloysteel,butstainlesssteelisusedinfoodprocessingmachineryorotherplaceswherelubricationisa problem,andnylonorbrassareoccasionallyseenforthesamereason.

Rollerchainisordinarilyhookedupusinga masterlink(alsoknownasa connectinglink),whichtypicallyhasonepinheldbya horseshoeclipratherthanfrictionfit,allowingittobeinsertedorremovedwithsimpletools.Chainwitha removablelinkorpinisalsoknownascotteredchain,whichallowsthelengthofthechaintobeadjusted.Halflinks(alsoknownasoffsets)areavailableandareusedtoincreasethelengthofthechainbya singleroller.Rivetedrollerchainhasthemasterlink(alsoknownasa connectinglink)”riveted”ormashedontheends.Thesepinsaremadetobedurableandarenotremovable.

USE

Anexampleoftwo’ghost’sprocketstensioninga triplexrollerchainsystem
Rollerchainsareusedinlow-tomid-speeddrivesataround600to800feetperminutehowever,athigherspeeds,around2,000to3,000feetperminute,V-beltsarenormallyusedduetowearandnoiseissues.
Abicyclechainisa formofrollerchain.Bicyclechainsmayhavea masterlink,ormayrequirea chaintoolforremovalandinstallation.A similarbutlargerandthusstrongerchainisusedonmostmotorcyclesalthoughitissometimesreplacedbyeithera toothedbeltora shaftdrive,whichofferlowernoiselevelandfewermaintenancerequirements.
Thegreatmajorityofautomobileenginesuserollerchainstodrivethecamshaft(s).Veryhighperformanceenginesoftenusegeardrive,andstartingintheearly1960stoothedbeltswereusedbysomemanufacturers.
Chainsarealsousedinforkliftsusinghydraulicramsasa pulleytoraiseandlowerthecarriagehowever,thesechainsarenotconsideredrollerchains,butareclassifiedasliftorleafchains.
Chainsawcuttingchainssuperficiallyresemblerollerchainsbutaremorecloselyrelatedtoleafchains.Theyaredrivenbyprojectingdrivelinkswhichalsoservetolocatethechainontothebar.

SeaHarrierFA.2ZA195front(chilly)vectorthrustnozzle- thenozzleisrotatedbya chaindrivefromanairmotor
Aperhapsunusualuseofa pairofmotorcyclechainsisintheHarrierJumpJet,wherea chaindrivefromanairmotorisusedtorotatethemovableenginenozzles,allowingthemtobepointeddownwardsforhoveringflight,ortotherearfornormalforwardflight,a systemknownasThrustvectoring.

Dress in

 

Theeffectofwearona rollerchainistoincreasethepitch(spacingofthelinks),causingthechaintogrowlonger.Notethatthisisduetowearatthepivotingpinsandbushes,notfromactualstretchingofthemetal(asdoeshappentosomeflexiblesteelcomponentssuchasthehand-brakecableofa motorvehicle).

Withmodernchainsitisunusualfora chain(otherthanthatofa bicycle)towearuntilitbreaks,sincea wornchainleadstotherapidonsetofwearontheteethofthesprockets,withultimatefailurebeingthelossofalltheteethonthesprocket.Thesprockets(inparticularthesmallerofthetwo)suffera grindingmotionthatputsa characteristichookshapeintothedrivenfaceoftheteeth.(Thiseffectismadeworsebya chainimproperlytensioned,butisunavoidablenomatterwhatcareistaken).Thewornteeth(andchain)nolongerprovidessmoothtransmissionofpowerandthismaybecomeevidentfromthenoise,thevibrationor(incarenginesusinga timingchain)thevariationinignitiontimingseenwitha timinglight.Bothsprocketsandchainshouldbereplacedinthesecases,sincea newchainonwornsprocketswillnotlastlong.Nonetheless,inlessseverecasesitmaybepossibletosavethelargerofthetwosprockets,sinceitisalwaysthesmalleronethatsuffersthemostwear.Onlyinverylight-weightapplicationssuchasa bicycle,orinextremecasesofimpropertension,willthechainnormallyjumpoffthesprockets.

Thelengtheningduetowearofa chainiscalculatedbythefollowingformula:

M= thelengthofa numberoflinksmeasured

S= thenumberoflinksmeasured

P= Pitch

Inindustry,itisusualtomonitorthemovementofthechaintensioner(whethermanualorautomatic)ortheexactlengthofa drivechain(oneruleofthumbistoreplacea rollerchainwhichhaselongated3%onanadjustabledriveor1.5%ona fixed-centerdrive).A simplermethod,particularlysuitableforthecycleormotorcycleuser,istoattempttopullthechainawayfromthelargerofthetwosprockets,whilstensuringthechainistaut.Anysignificantmovement(e.g.makingitpossibletoseethrougha gap)probablyindicatesa chainwornuptoandbeyondthelimit.Sprocketdamagewillresultiftheproblemisignored.Sprocketwearcancelsthiseffect,andmaymaskchainwear.

CHAINSTRENGTH

Themostcommonmeasureofrollerchain’sstrengthistensilestrength.Tensilestrengthrepresentshowmuchloada chaincanwithstandundera one-timeloadbeforebreaking.Justasimportantastensilestrengthisa chain’sfatiguestrength.Thecriticalfactorsina chain’sfatiguestrengthisthequalityofsteelusedtomanufacturethechain,theheattreatmentofthechaincomponents,thequalityofthepitchholefabricationofthelinkplates,andthetypeofshotplustheintensityofshotpeencoverageonthelinkplates.Otherfactorscanincludethethicknessofthelinkplatesandthedesign(contour)ofthelinkplates.Theruleofthumbforrollerchainoperatingona continuousdriveisforthechainloadtonotexceeda mere1/6or1/9ofthechain’stensilestrength,dependingonthetypeofmasterlinksused(push-fitvs.slip-match)[citationneeded].Rollerchainsoperatingona continuousdrivebeyondthesethresholdscanandtypicallydofailprematurelyvialinkplatefatiguefailure.

ThestandardminimumultimatestrengthoftheANSI29.1steelchainis12,500x (pitch,ininches)2.X-ringandO-Ringchainsgreatlydecreasewearbymeansofinternallubricants,increasingchainlife.Theinternallubricationisinsertedbymeansofa vacuumwhenrivetingthechaintogether.

CHAINSTHangZhouRDS

Standardsorganizations(suchasANSIandISO)maintainstandardsfordesign,dimensions,andinterchangeabilityoftransmissionchains.Forexample,thefollowingTableshowsdatafromANSIstandardB29.1-2011(PrecisionPowerTransmissionRollerChains,Attachments,andSprockets)developedbytheAmericanSocietyofMechanicalEngineers(ASME).Seethereferences[8][9][10] foradditionalinformation.

ASME/ANSIB29.1-2011RollerChainStandardSizesSizePitchMaximumRollerDiameterMinimumUltimateTensileStrengthMeasuringLoad25

ASME/ANSIB29.1-2011RollerChainStandardSizes Dimension Pitch MaximumRollerDiameter MinimumUltimateTensileStrength MeasuringLoad twenty five .250in(6.35mm) .130in(3.30mm) 780lb(350kg) 18lb(8.2kg) 35 .375in(9.53mm) .200in(5.08mm) 1,760lb(800kg) 18lb(8.2kg) forty one .500in(12.70mm) .306in(7.77mm) one,500lb(680kg) 18lb(8.2kg) 40 .500in(12.70mm) .312in(7.92mm) 3,125lb(1,417kg) 31lb(14kg) 50 .625in(15.88mm) .400in(10.16mm) four,880lb(2,210kg) 49lb(22kg) sixty .750in(19.05mm) .469in(eleven.91mm) seven,030lb(3,190kg) 70lb(32kg) eighty 1.000in(25.40mm) .625in(15.88mm) 12,500lb(5,700kg) 125lb(57kg) 100 one.250in(31.75mm) .750in(19.05mm) 19,531lb(8,859kg) 195lb(88kg) one hundred twenty 1.500in(38.10mm) .875in(22.23mm) 28,125lb(twelve,757kg) 281lb(127kg) a hundred and forty one.750in(forty four.45mm) 1.000in(twenty five.40mm) 38,280lb(seventeen,360kg) 383lb(174kg) 160 2.000in(fifty.80mm) 1.125in(28.58mm) 50,000lb(23,000kg) 500lb(230kg) one hundred eighty 2.250in(fifty seven.15mm) one.460in(37.08mm) 63,280lb(28,700kg) 633lb(287kg) two hundred 2.500in(63.50mm) 1.562in(39.67mm) 78,175lb(35,460kg) 781lb(354kg) 240 3.000in(76.20mm) one.875in(forty seven.63mm) 112,500lb(51,000kg) one,000lb(450kg

Formnemonicpurposes,belowisanotherpresentationofkeydimensionsfromthesamestandard,expressedinfractionsofaninch(whichwaspartofthethinkingbehindthechoiceofpreferrednumbersintheANSIstandard):

Pitch(inches) Pitchexpressed
ineighths ANSIstandard
chainnumber Width(inches) onefour 2eight twofive oneeight 3eight 38 3five 316 onetwo foureight four1 1four onetwo four8 4 fivesixteen fiveeight five8 five three8 three4 6eight six one2 1 8eight eight 5eight

Notes:
1.Thepitchisthedistancebetweenrollercenters.Thewidthisthedistancebetweenthelinkplates(i.e.slightlymorethantherollerwidthtoallowforclearance).
two.Theright-handdigitofthestandarddenotes0 =normalchain,1 =lightweightchain,5 =rollerlessbushingchain.
3.Theleft-handdigitdenotesthenumberofeighthsofaninchthatmakeupthepitch.
4.An”H”followingthestandardnumberdenotesheavyweightchain.A hyphenatednumberfollowingthestandardnumberdenotesdouble-strand(2),triple-strand(3),andsoon.Thus60H-3denotesnumber60heavyweighttriple-strandchain.
 Atypicalbicyclechain(forderailleurgears)usesnarrow1⁄2-inch-pitchchain.Thewidthofthechainisvariable,anddoesnotaffecttheloadcapacity.Themoresprocketsattherearwheel(historically3-6,nowadays7-12sprockets),thenarrowerthechain.Chainsaresoldaccordingtothenumberofspeedstheyaredesignedtoworkwith,forexample,”10speedchain”.Hubgearorsinglespeedbicyclesuse1/2″x 1/8″chains,where1/8″referstothemaximumthicknessofa sprocketthatcanbeusedwiththechain.

Typicallychainswithparallelshapedlinkshaveanevennumberoflinks,witheachnarrowlinkfollowedbya broadone.Chainsbuiltupwitha uniformtypeoflink,narrowatoneandbroadattheotherend,canbemadewithanoddnumberoflinks,whichcanbeanadvantagetoadapttoa specialchainwheel-distanceontheothersidesucha chaintendstobenotsostrong.

RollerchainsmadeusingISOstandardaresometimescalledasisochains.

 

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The219setsofadvancedautomaticproductionequipmentprovideguaranteesforhighproductquality.The167engineersandtechnicianswithseniorprofessionaltitlescandesignanddevelopproductstomeettheexactdemandsofcustomers,andOEMcustomizationsarealsoavailablewithus.Oursoundglobalservicenetworkcanprovidecustomerswithtimelyafter-salestechnicalservices.

Wearenotjustamanufacturerandsupplier,butalsoanindustryconsultant.Weworkpro-activelywithyoutoofferexpertadviceandproductrecommendationsinordertoendupwithamostcosteffectiveproductavailableforyourspecificapplication.TheclientsweserveworldwiderangefromenduserstodistributorsandOEMs.OurOEMreplacementscanbesubstitutedwherevernecessaryandsuitableforbothrepairandnewassemblies.

Roller Chain Servicing Suggestions

There are numerous items to hold in brain when keeping a roller chain. The primary motives include friction and external influences. With no proper lubrication and adjustment, this kind of chains will put on prematurely. Listed here are some tips for trying to keep your roller chain in leading form. continue reading through! This will make your process less complicated. We will also talk about the price of the new roller chain. As often, keep in mind to check for loose finishes and modify the chain frequently.
chain

Preloading

Roller chains are developed to accommodate a lot of various types of hundreds. Sprockets are the main lead to of chain use. Axial and angular misalignment happens when the sprocket faces are not appropriately aligned. Each kinds of misalignment boost stress and put on on the roller chain. They can also negatively have an effect on the travel. As a result, deciding on the correct chain is an important thought.
Preloading will help to remove original elongation and increase support lifestyle. The rewards of preloading can be observed in the preloading chart. Important elongation takes place in the course of drive startup with no or minimal preload. This is thanks to the floor hardness of the worn elements. On the other hand, a appropriately preloaded chain displays small elongation for the duration of the first begin. Consequently, correct preload can extend wear lifestyle.
Although elongation is a normal phenomenon in any push, it can be minimized or eliminated with suitable routine maintenance. In addition to standard inspections, you need to do a full inspection of your chain soon after the initial hundred hrs. This inspection need to target on important daily life factors such as 3% elongation, how the chain is lubricated, and any other issues that could impact lifestyle. A excellent top quality chain should have the longest life and no troubles.
There are a lot of different roller chain requirements. A great rule of thumb is to pick chains with at least five backlinks. Then, tighten the chain till a split takes place, and it will tell you what kind of split transpired. Alternatively, you can use a roller chain with the maximum allowable load. As extended as the MAL doesn’t exceed that number, it is nevertheless flawlessly secure to use it for any software.

lubricating

When it arrives to lubrication, there are several diverse tactics. For instance, spray lubrication is a well-liked technique for higher-horsepower drives and higher-load and fast-shifting machines. This strategy is quite efficient, but it is high-priced, and spraying the chain too considerably out of the guard can trigger leaks. An additional frequent method is brush lubrication. Brush lubrication entails implementing a steady circulation of oil to the chain, pushing it into the chain. This lubrication method reduces the application temperature of the chain. Also, it can extend the lifestyle of the chain, based on the manufacturer’s technical specs.
Whilst the lubrication of roller chain couplings differs by software, sprocket hubs must be lubricated regular monthly to guarantee suitable sealing. The volume of oil employed is dependent on the rotational pace and the type of roller chain coupling. In general, lubricants used in roller chain couplings should have excellent adhesion, oxidation, and mechanical balance.
Put on-resistant lubricants are advised. They prevent the rollers from sticking to each and every other and avoid rusting. These lubricants have low surface rigidity and are not harmful to steel or O-ring chains. The optimum lubrication method depends on ambient temperature, horsepower, and chain speed. Appropriately lubricating a roller chain boosts the life of the chain and reduces the chance of use.
Correct lubrication of the roller chain is crucial to avoid corrosion and extend its services existence. The oil kinds a smooth film on the chain factors, reducing steel-to-metal contact and minimizing friction and use. Moreover, the oil offers a easy working floor and lowers sounds. Even so, the operating-in procedure of roller chain lubrication can not be underestimated. When employing weighty-responsibility oils, make sure that the lubricant is compatible with functioning and ambient temperatures.

Maintain

To prolong the existence of your roller chain, you want to carry out regular inspections. Initial, you should check out the T-pin on the link plate at the joint. If they are not linked correctly, it can cause the chain to stretch and not maintain appropriate spacing and timing. Next, you ought to appear for uncommon sounds, corrosion, and grime that might point out put on. If you notice any of these problems, it truly is time to replace the chain.
In buy to appropriately keep a roller chain, each places of the roller chain should be lubricated with the right lubricant. Lubricants utilized need to be SAE non-degreased oils. There are several varieties of lubricants accessible, but the best a single is a petroleum-dependent oil with a high viscosity. You can also examine for indications of put on, these kinds of as crimson or brown discoloration. This indicates that there is not enough lubrication.
Whilst the lifestyle expectancy of a roller chain is unfamiliar, it is important to know how to prolong its daily life and increase its efficiency. Inappropriate tension and alignment can shorten its existence and location undue tension on the generate system and the chain alone. Incorrect pressure can also lead to slippage and increased strength output. For that reason, you should estimate the tension and alignment of the chain in the course of the original installation. Verify and modify frequently.
One more way to lengthen the life of your rollers is to completely thoroughly clean the inside of and outside of the rollers. You need to also lubricate it often to prevent too much warmth buildup. Designed to avoid overheating by restricting the volume of perform in the course of crack-ins. In addition, normal inspections will aid you catch anomalies early sufficient to end operations. Previous but not the very least, regular lubrication will lengthen the lifestyle of the roller chain.

Price

Acquiring a roller chain is a huge selection, but first value shouldn’t be the only thing to consider. The cost of the roller chain itself, as well as the running costs, must be considered. Even the cheapest-priced chains can be much more expensive in the lengthy run. Additionally, servicing and power fees may enhance. The very best roller chain for your company will be the a single that ideal fits your wants. Outlined beneath are some issues to contemplate when buying a roller chain.
First, what content need to you use? Roller chains come in several diverse materials. Stainless steel is a commonly utilised materials in building. Resources are picked primarily based on the expense and style of chain horsepower transmission. Numerous manufacturing processes will decide which content is appropriate for your software. Also, the weight of the chain will differ relying on its pitch and the development method utilised. A big component of the expense of a roller chain is on the generate sprocket.
An additional thing to consider is set up expense. Roller chains are typically employed in agricultural and transportation purposes, particularly for agronomic items. If lubrication is your problem, servicing-totally free chains are the very best choice. Corrosion-resistant chains are excellent for soaked environments. They are sold in boxed lengths, so changing a lengthier size calls for adding a shorter size. To steer clear of difficulty, use the skateboard to assist link the hyperlinks.
Yet another thought is the all round width. The total width of an open #forty roller chain could differ but need to be at minimum 10 toes broad. Despite the fact that it is not the most high-priced type of roller chain, it will final for a longer time. Using it correctly will enhance its all round longevity, so it is a very good notion to decide on it properly. If your enterprise employs roller chains routinely, the price reduction is well value it.
chain

Application

A roller chain is made up of a pair of alternating pins and roller backlinks. The pins are pressed into the facet panels and hinged to the rollers. Roller chains can be solitary or multi-strand, linked by a typical pin. The multi-strand design supplies higher shear toughness for demanding electrical power transmission programs. Common apps for roller chains incorporate conveyors, hoists, and other mechanical tools.
The horsepower capacity of a roller chain is limited by several variables, which includes pin shock and friction. While investigation into these aspects has positioned some limitations on the greatest functioning pace of the roller chain, sensible knowledge has proven that these programs can be utilized at increased speeds. Correct lubrication and cooling can enhance the toughness of these chains. In addition, roller chain apps include:
Travel and conveyor programs are the two major employs of roller chains. In the course of driving functions, put on and elongation are a organic portion of the procedure. Even so, lubrication plays a crucial position in minimizing wear and shock loads. Therefore, dress in is inevitable and special care need to be taken to ensure appropriate lubrication. Furthermore, lubrication lowers heat dissipation in the chain.
The resources used to make roller chains range from one particular sort to an additional. Stainless metal is widespread, but nylon or brass are sometimes employed. These components are much less pricey and much more tough than steel or stainless metal. The ideal substance for the occupation relies upon on a assortment of factors, such as price, environmental conditions, and style horsepower transmission. For illustration, the pin bushing get in touch with region is a essential spot necessitating lubrication. Furthermore, some coatings are created to retard the corrosive effects of water or oil.
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China high quality Industrial Series Heavy Duty Roller Chains for Marine with Free Design Custom

Item Description

Weighty Responsibility Sequence ROLLER CHAINS
SIMPLEX ROLLER CHAIN AND BUSH CHAINS
DUPLEX ROLLER CHAIN
TRIPLEX ROLLER CHIAN
NON-STRAND Hefty Obligation Series ROLLER CHAINS
Materials: IRON, CARBON Metal, ALLOY Metal, STAINLESS Metal.
SPECIFICATION:
240H-1/200H-1/180H-1/160H-1/140H-1/120H-1/100H-1/80H-1/60H-1/50H-1/40H-1
240H-2/200H-2/180H-2/160H-2/140H-2/120H-2/100H-2/80H-2/60H-two
240H-3/200H-3/180H-3/160H-3/140H-3/120H-3/100H-3/80H-3/60H-3

Package deal: CARTON, Wood BOX, PALLET.
Sort OF Shipping and delivery: SEA, AIR, Prepare.
LOADING PORT: HangZhou,ZheJiang ,HangZhou,HangZhouG.

USE: MINING, Vitality, GEOLOGY, AEROSPACE, CHEMISTRY, CHEMICAL, Developing Business, Steel SMELTING, PAPER Generating, AGRICULTURE, Sports activities, TRANSPORTATION Market, MECHANICAL MANUFACTURE, ENVIRONMENTAL Protection.
 

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Overview
A chain is a versatile segment consisting of adjacent equivalent or comparatively similar sections. All equipment, mechanisms, and chains used on the equipment are collectively referred to as the industrial chain. A closed chain and two sprockets kind a system to recognize the transmission of the transmission chain. In contrast with equipment generate and belt drive, this drive has the subsequent qualities:
(1) Multi-tooth bearing, secure and dependable
(2) Versatile transmission to take up shockLubrication and efficiency
The chain managing on the sprocket is because of to the relative movement of the hinge at the pin Use to spine. As a result, efficient lubrication looks to be essential Importantly, it not only efficiently minimizes use but also minimizes performance charge loss and sound.
When the area of the friction pair is discolored, it suggests that the lubrication fails.Relubrication should be carried out before this.The distinct lubrication failure interval should be determined according to the certain working situations Examination circumstances and operating situations.
1. Manual lubrication
Often cleanse the hole in between the inner and outer chain plates of the unfastened edge of the chain with a brush or oiler cheer up. This technique is not really reputable, so it is only appropriate for Occasionally working chains or lower-velocity secondary derailleurs. At the very least Totally lubricate once a working day (each and every 8 several hours if conditions permit)
Refueling as soon as), must consider to stay away from shifting the lubricating oil.
colour phenomenon.
2. Spot lubrication
Include utilizing a wick oiler, needle valve oiler cup, or drip cup Oil, this approach is only ideal for transmission with a lower axial stress ratio, which ought to Lubricant discoloration can be averted.
3. Oil pool lubrication (also known as oil bathtub lubrication)
in an properly sized chaincase (use wear The prolonged chain should not hit the side of the box) and has ample lubrication Lubricating oil permits the edges of the chainplates to soak into the rollers or sleeves, but The entrance need to not be way too shallow or as well deep. If the immersion is way too shallow, the lubrication is not reputable
Immersion is as well deep, the oil is prone to thermal oxidation and deterioration, and the oil agitation decline is big.
4. Oil ring lubrication (also recognized as splash lubrication)
The chain operates over the oil amount. A single can be dipped in oil for approx.
twelve.7mm~25.4mm oil slinger utilizes centrifugal power to eliminate oil Splash up and use the oil catcher on the tank continuously transferred to the chain. The peripheral velocity of the slinger must be higher than 3m/s, typically not much more than twelve.5m/s the highest ought to not exceed forty m/s. When the chain width exceeds 127mm, it must be There are oil slingers on each sides of the wheels.
five. Forced lubrication (also acknowledged as strain lubrication)
This lubrication approach is appropriate for substantial-pace large-obligation transmission. oil The pump and the gasoline injection pipe are pressured to source oil for lubrication, which plays the role of a circulating cooling chain Influence. The gas injection nozzle ought to be organized at the meshing of the chain and the sprocket And the amount need to be 1 far more than the number of chain rows to align each and every column of the chain the gap among the plates.
and vibration
(3) The middle distance variety is huge, and the producing and set up precision specifications are lower
(4) When compared with the belt drive, the transmission ratio is exact, the transmission efficiency is greater, and it is appropriate for harsh environments this kind of as high temperature, dust, and humidity.
The chain composition is reasonably easy, labor-intense, and accompanied by sounds pollution. In recent a long time, the world’s key industrial nations have gradually changed labor-intensive and content-intensive products with technological innovation-intense goods, and most of them have shifted from domestic goods to imported items. At the exact same time, when compared with mainframes or comprehensive sets of tools, these items do not call for a good deal of right after-income services, opening the door for my country’s export chain.
2. Production
The chain adopts a method route that brings together mechanical and warmth therapy processes and is shaped by means of content modification, stamping forming, heat therapy strengthening, assembly (or welding), and other processes. At present, most domestic enterprises use specific planes, computerized strains, or manufacturing strains for processing and producing, and some enterprises also add non-destructive tests in essential processes.

China high quality Industrial Series Heavy Duty Roller Chains for Marine     with Free Design Custom

China Professional Transmission Chain Conveyor Drive Metric ANSI DIN Standard Pitch Industrial Heavy Duty Stainless Steel Cast Roller Chains with Matching Sprocket near me shop

Merchandise Description

               Transmission Chain Conveyor Travel Metric Ansi Din Regular Pitch industrial Heavy Obligation Stainless Steel Solid Roller Chains with Matching sprocket

 

Our agricultural machinery chains meet every single conceivable need to have and are offered in a variety of dimensions and specs. Even so, what all our chains have in typical is our specialist determination to top quality. Knowing that you have obtain to a chain you can trust can make all the big difference and give you peace of mindOverview
A chain is a versatile part consisting of adjacent similar or fairly similar sections. All machinery, mechanisms, and chains used on the device are collectively referred to as the industrial chain. A shut chain and two sprockets sort a system to realize the transmission of the transmission chain. When compared with equipment travel and belt generate, this generate has the following traits:
(1) Multi-tooth bearing, safe and reliable
(2) Adaptable transmission to soak up shock and vibration
(3) The heart length variety is large, and the producing and set up accuracy needs are reduced
(4) In comparison with the belt travel, the transmission ratio is correct, the transmission effectiveness is higher, and it is appropriate for harsh environments this sort of as large temperature, dust, and humidity.
The chain framework is reasonably basic, labor-intensive, and accompanied by sound air pollution. In latest a long time, the world’s significant industrial countries have gradually changed labor-intense and substance-intense products with technological innovation-intense merchandise, and most of them have shifted from domestic products to imported items. At the same time, compared with mainframes or total sets of gear, these items do not need a whole lot of soon after-revenue providers, opening the doorway for my country’s export chain.
two. Producing
The chain adopts a procedure route that brings together mechanical and heat therapy processes and is formed by means of materials modification, stamping forming, heat therapy strengthening, assembly (or welding), and other processes. At current, most domestic enterprises use unique planes, automatic lines, or manufacturing lines for processing and producing, and some enterprises also add non-damaging testing in key procedures.
. We know you need to have reputable and high quality agricultural chains, not chains that extend and can cause downtime, and function challenging to make certain our buyers often know our precision chains will work – confirmed. While no agricultural operation can be anticipated to be cost-free of downtime, our objective is to reduce lost time by offering farmers with the components they require to hold all of their equipment in prime problem. Daily use and tear is expected and can be prepared, but we try to reduce the chance of unplanned downtime because of to not obtaining the right chain accessible.

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