Tag Archives: multiple strand roller chain

China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
100-6 20A-6 31.750 19.05 18.90 9.53 219.4 223.7 30.00 4.00 35.76 531.0/119452 584.10 23.36

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

bush chain

What are the safety precautions when working with bush chains?

Working with bush chains requires adherence to certain safety precautions to ensure the well-being of operators and prevent accidents. Here are some important safety measures to consider:

1. Personal protective equipment (PPE): Operators should wear appropriate PPE, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing, to protect themselves from potential hazards such as flying debris, pinching, or entanglement.

2. Training and knowledge: Operators should be properly trained in the operation and maintenance of bush chains. They should have a thorough understanding of the equipment, including its components, functions, and potential hazards. Training should cover safe operating procedures, including start-up, shutdown, and emergency procedures.

3. Lockout/tagout procedures: Before performing any maintenance or repair work on a bush chain, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the equipment, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup.

4. Regular inspections: Regular inspections should be conducted to identify any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment in the bush chain. This includes checking for loose bolts, worn sprockets, damaged links, or any other issues that could compromise the chain’s integrity. Any identified problems should be promptly addressed to prevent further damage or accidents.

5. Proper lifting and handling: When handling bush chains, proper lifting techniques should be employed to prevent strain or injury. Chains should be lifted using appropriate lifting equipment, and operators should avoid placing themselves in a position where they could be caught between moving parts.

6. Clean and well-maintained work environment: The work area should be clean, well-lit, and free from clutter or obstructions. This ensures that operators have clear visibility and can safely access the bush chain without tripping or other hazards.

7. Follow manufacturer guidelines: It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for the safe use, maintenance, and inspection of the specific bush chain being used. This includes following recommended lubrication practices, tensioning guidelines, and any other instructions provided by the manufacturer.

By adhering to these safety precautions, operators can mitigate potential risks associated with working with bush chains and ensure a safe working environment for themselves and others involved in the operation and maintenance of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the design considerations for a bush chain system?

When designing a bush chain system, several key considerations should be taken into account to ensure its reliable and efficient operation. These design considerations include:

1. Load capacity: Evaluate the expected loads that the bush chain system will need to handle. Consider the weight, size, and type of materials or products being conveyed or transmitted. Select a bush chain with a suitable load capacity to ensure it can withstand the required loads.

2. Speed and acceleration: Determine the desired operating speed and acceleration of the bush chain system. This will influence the selection of chain pitch, material, and lubrication requirements. Higher speeds may require additional considerations such as reduced friction or increased precision.

3. Environmental conditions: Evaluate the operating environment for the bush chain system. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and presence of corrosive or abrasive substances. Select a bush chain material and coating that can withstand the environmental conditions and resist corrosion or wear.

4. Space limitations: Assess the available space for the installation of the bush chain system. Consider the dimensions and layout of the equipment, conveyor, or transmission system. Ensure that there is sufficient clearance for the chain’s movement and that the system can be properly tensioned and aligned.

5. Alignment and tensioning: Proper tensioning and alignment are critical for the smooth operation of a bush chain system. Design the system to include tensioners, idler sprockets, or adjustable mounting options to facilitate easy tensioning and alignment adjustments.

6. Lubrication and maintenance: Determine the lubrication requirements of the bush chain system. Consider the frequency and method of lubrication, as well as any accessibility constraints for maintenance. Select a lubrication method that suits the application, such as manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

7. Safety considerations: Ensure that the bush chain system is designed with appropriate safety measures. Incorporate guards, covers, or enclosures where necessary to prevent accidental contact with moving parts. Consider emergency stop systems and safety interlocks for the protection of personnel and equipment.

By carefully considering these design factors, a bush chain system can be optimized for performance, reliability, and longevity in a specific application or industry.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-load applications?

Yes, bush chains are commonly used in high-load applications due to their robust design and ability to handle heavy loads. The construction of a bush chain allows it to transmit significant amounts of force and torque, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

Bush chains are designed with solid bushings and precision rollers that provide excellent load-carrying capacity. The bushings act as a bearing surface between the pins and the rollers, reducing friction and allowing for smooth rotation under high loads.

Furthermore, bush chains are available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different load requirements. They are made from durable materials such as alloy steel or stainless steel, which further enhances their strength and load-bearing capabilities.

When selecting a bush chain for a high-load application, it is important to consider factors such as the anticipated load magnitude, operating conditions, and the desired safety margin. Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are also essential to ensure optimal performance and extend the service life of the bush chain in high-load applications.

Overall, bush chains are a reliable choice for transmitting high loads and are widely used in industries such as mining, construction, heavy machinery, and material handling.

China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts  China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts
editor by CX 2023-09-13

China Custom Agricultural Roller Chain 12A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Timing Chain and Bush Chains

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
60-6 12A-6 19.050 11.91 12.57 5.94 139.8 141.8 18.00 2.42 22.78 190.8/42921 209.80 9.31

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyor
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Derrlck, Bush Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
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bush chain

What are the safety precautions when working with bush chains?

Working with bush chains requires adherence to certain safety precautions to ensure the well-being of operators and prevent accidents. Here are some important safety measures to consider:

1. Personal protective equipment (PPE): Operators should wear appropriate PPE, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing, to protect themselves from potential hazards such as flying debris, pinching, or entanglement.

2. Training and knowledge: Operators should be properly trained in the operation and maintenance of bush chains. They should have a thorough understanding of the equipment, including its components, functions, and potential hazards. Training should cover safe operating procedures, including start-up, shutdown, and emergency procedures.

3. Lockout/tagout procedures: Before performing any maintenance or repair work on a bush chain, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the equipment, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup.

4. Regular inspections: Regular inspections should be conducted to identify any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment in the bush chain. This includes checking for loose bolts, worn sprockets, damaged links, or any other issues that could compromise the chain’s integrity. Any identified problems should be promptly addressed to prevent further damage or accidents.

5. Proper lifting and handling: When handling bush chains, proper lifting techniques should be employed to prevent strain or injury. Chains should be lifted using appropriate lifting equipment, and operators should avoid placing themselves in a position where they could be caught between moving parts.

6. Clean and well-maintained work environment: The work area should be clean, well-lit, and free from clutter or obstructions. This ensures that operators have clear visibility and can safely access the bush chain without tripping or other hazards.

7. Follow manufacturer guidelines: It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for the safe use, maintenance, and inspection of the specific bush chain being used. This includes following recommended lubrication practices, tensioning guidelines, and any other instructions provided by the manufacturer.

By adhering to these safety precautions, operators can mitigate potential risks associated with working with bush chains and ensure a safe working environment for themselves and others involved in the operation and maintenance of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the design considerations for a bush chain system?

When designing a bush chain system, several key considerations should be taken into account to ensure its reliable and efficient operation. These design considerations include:

1. Load capacity: Evaluate the expected loads that the bush chain system will need to handle. Consider the weight, size, and type of materials or products being conveyed or transmitted. Select a bush chain with a suitable load capacity to ensure it can withstand the required loads.

2. Speed and acceleration: Determine the desired operating speed and acceleration of the bush chain system. This will influence the selection of chain pitch, material, and lubrication requirements. Higher speeds may require additional considerations such as reduced friction or increased precision.

3. Environmental conditions: Evaluate the operating environment for the bush chain system. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and presence of corrosive or abrasive substances. Select a bush chain material and coating that can withstand the environmental conditions and resist corrosion or wear.

4. Space limitations: Assess the available space for the installation of the bush chain system. Consider the dimensions and layout of the equipment, conveyor, or transmission system. Ensure that there is sufficient clearance for the chain’s movement and that the system can be properly tensioned and aligned.

5. Alignment and tensioning: Proper tensioning and alignment are critical for the smooth operation of a bush chain system. Design the system to include tensioners, idler sprockets, or adjustable mounting options to facilitate easy tensioning and alignment adjustments.

6. Lubrication and maintenance: Determine the lubrication requirements of the bush chain system. Consider the frequency and method of lubrication, as well as any accessibility constraints for maintenance. Select a lubrication method that suits the application, such as manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

7. Safety considerations: Ensure that the bush chain system is designed with appropriate safety measures. Incorporate guards, covers, or enclosures where necessary to prevent accidental contact with moving parts. Consider emergency stop systems and safety interlocks for the protection of personnel and equipment.

By carefully considering these design factors, a bush chain system can be optimized for performance, reliability, and longevity in a specific application or industry.

bush chain

What is a bush chain and how does it work?

A bush chain, also known as a bush roller chain or a bushing chain, is a type of roller chain commonly used in mechanical power transmission systems. It consists of a series of interconnected links, known as bushings, that are joined together by pins. The bushings are cylindrical metal sleeves with internal bearings that rotate on the pins.

The working principle of a bush chain is based on the interaction between the rotating bushings and the teeth of the sprockets. The chain is wrapped around two or more sprockets, with one sprocket being the driver and the other(s) being the driven. As the driver sprocket rotates, it pulls the chain, causing the bushings to rotate on the pins.

Each bushing has an outer surface that comes into contact with the sprocket teeth. The engagement between the sprocket teeth and the bushings’ outer surface creates the driving force, allowing power to be transmitted from the driver sprocket to the driven sprocket(s). This rotational motion transfers torque and enables the movement of various mechanical components or systems connected to the driven sprocket(s).

The bush chain design provides several advantages, including high tensile strength, flexibility, and the ability to transmit power over long distances. The bushings and pins are typically made of hardened steel to ensure durability and resistance to wear. Lubrication is essential to reduce friction and prevent premature wear of the bushings and pins.

Bush chains are widely used in various applications, such as industrial machinery, agricultural equipment, automotive systems, and conveyor systems. They are favored for their reliability, efficiency, and ease of installation. Proper maintenance, including regular lubrication and tension adjustment, is necessary to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of a bush chain.

China Custom Agricultural Roller Chain 12A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Timing Chain and Bush Chains  China Custom Agricultural Roller Chain 12A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Timing Chain and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-22

China manufacturer Conveyor Chain 08A-6 a Series Industrial and Agricultural Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
40-6 08A-6 12.700 7.95 7.85 3.96 88.5 89.8 12.00 1.50 14.38 84.6/19031 93.06 3.83

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

 

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bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in food processing industries?

Yes, bush chains can be used in food processing industries, provided that they meet certain criteria to ensure food safety and hygiene. When selecting a bush chain for food processing applications, several factors should be considered:

1. Material compatibility: The chain material should be food-grade and suitable for contact with food products. Stainless steel, particularly austenitic stainless steel grades like 304 and 316, is commonly used due to its corrosion resistance, durability, and ease of cleaning. These materials are non-toxic and do not contaminate the food.

2. Lubrication: In food processing applications, it is important to consider the lubrication requirements. Some bush chains are available with self-lubricating properties or require food-grade lubricants that are safe for incidental contact with food. This ensures that the lubrication used does not pose a risk of contamination.

3. Cleanability: The bush chain should be designed in a way that allows for easy cleaning and maintenance. Smooth surfaces, without crevices or hard-to-reach areas, are preferred to prevent the accumulation of food particles, bacteria, or other contaminants. The chain should also withstand frequent cleaning processes, including washdowns with cleaning solutions or high-pressure water.

4. FDA and regulatory compliance: It is important to ensure that the bush chain and associated components comply with relevant food safety regulations, such as those set by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the United States or similar regulatory bodies in other countries. Compliance with these regulations helps to maintain food safety standards.

5. Sanitary design: The bush chain should adhere to sanitary design principles, which include features such as smooth surfaces, no exposed threads, and easy disassembly for cleaning. This helps prevent the growth of bacteria and ensures the chain can be effectively sanitized.

By considering these factors and selecting a bush chain that meets the specific requirements of the food processing industry, it is possible to use bush chains safely and effectively in various applications, including conveying, sorting, packaging, and processing of food products.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be repaired or does it need to be replaced entirely?

When a bush chain is damaged or worn out, the extent of the damage will determine whether it can be repaired or needs to be replaced entirely. Here are the considerations:

1. Minor Damage: In some cases, minor damage to a bush chain can be repaired. This includes issues such as a few broken or worn-out bushings or pins. These components can be replaced individually without replacing the entire chain.

2. Extensive Damage: If the bush chain has extensive damage, such as multiple broken links, severe wear on multiple components, or damaged sprockets, it may be more cost-effective and efficient to replace the entire chain. Repairing such extensive damage can be time-consuming and may not guarantee the chain’s optimal performance.

3. Chain Length: The length of the chain also plays a role in determining whether it can be repaired. If the damaged section is localized and doesn’t affect the overall length significantly, it may be possible to repair or replace only the affected portion.

4. Age and Condition: The age and overall condition of the bush chain should also be considered. If the chain is already worn out, has undergone multiple repairs, or is nearing the end of its service life, it is generally recommended to replace it entirely to ensure reliable operation.

5. Cost Considerations: Finally, the cost of repair versus replacement should be evaluated. In some cases, the cost of repairs, including labor and replacement parts, may exceed the cost of a new chain. In such instances, it is more economical to replace the chain.

Ultimately, the decision to repair or replace a bush chain depends on the extent of the damage, the chain’s overall condition, and cost considerations. It is advisable to consult with a qualified professional or the chain manufacturer for an accurate assessment and recommendation.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-speed applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, but there are certain considerations to keep in mind. While bush chains are known for their durability and strength, they may have limitations in terms of their maximum allowable speed due to factors such as centrifugal forces and dynamic loads.

The speed capability of a bush chain depends on several factors, including the chain design, material, lubrication, and operating conditions. It is important to select a bush chain that is specifically designed for high-speed applications and to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding speed limits.

In high-speed applications, it is crucial to ensure proper chain tensioning and alignment to minimize vibration and reduce the risk of chain failure. Regular maintenance, including lubrication and inspection, is also essential to prevent premature wear and extend the service life of the chain.

Additionally, the selection of a suitable lubricant is important for high-speed bush chain applications. The lubricant should have excellent film strength and provide sufficient protection against wear and friction at high speeds. It is recommended to consult with the chain manufacturer or a lubrication specialist to determine the most suitable lubrication solution.

Overall, while bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, it is essential to consider the specific requirements and limitations of the application and to ensure proper maintenance and lubrication to achieve reliable and efficient operation.

China manufacturer Conveyor Chain 08A-6 a Series Industrial and Agricultural Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill  China manufacturer Conveyor Chain 08A-6 a Series Industrial and Agricultural Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill
editor by CX 2023-08-05

China high quality Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts with Best Sales

Solution Description

A Collection Quick Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile toughness

Qmin
kN/lbf

Regular tensile toughness

Q0
kN

Fat per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
100-6 20A-6 31.750 19.05 18.ninety nine.fifty three 219.4 223.7 30.00 4.00 35.76 531./119452 584.10 23.36

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the kind of chain generate most frequently used for transmission of mechanical electricity on numerous varieties of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, like conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing equipment, printing presses, vehicles, motorcycles, and bicycles. It is composed of a series of limited cylindrical rollers held with each other by aspect links. It is pushed by a toothed wheel known as a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient indicates of electrical power transmission.

Development OF THE CHAIN

Two various measurements of roller chain, showing building.
There are 2 types of hyperlinks alternating in the bush roller chain. The first kind is inner backlinks, possessing 2 inner plates held collectively by 2 sleeves or bushings on which rotate 2 rollers. Inner back links alternate with the next sort, the outer backlinks, consisting of 2 outer plates held with each other by pins passing by means of the bushings of the inner back links. The “bushingless” roller chain is equivalent in procedure even though not in construction as an alternative of independent bushings or sleeves keeping the internal plates jointly, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the gap which serves the same objective. This has the edge of getting rid of 1 phase in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design and style decreases friction when compared to simpler patterns, ensuing in greater effectiveness and much less dress in. The original power transmission chain versions lacked rollers and bushings, with equally the internal and outer plates held by pins which immediately contacted the sprocket tooth even so this configuration exhibited incredibly speedy dress in of equally the sprocket teeth, and the plates exactly where they pivoted on the pins. This issue was partly solved by the advancement of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing by means of bushings or sleeves connecting the internal plates. This dispersed the dress in over a greater area nevertheless the enamel of the sprockets nonetheless wore more speedily than is fascinating, from the sliding friction in opposition to the bushings. The addition of rollers bordering the bushing sleeves of the chain and presented rolling speak to with the teeth of the sprockets ensuing in outstanding resistance to wear of equally sprockets and chain as effectively. There is even quite minimal friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Ongoing, clear, lubrication of roller chains is of major relevance for productive procedure as nicely as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in manufacturing facility gear, or driving a camshaft inside of an inside combustion engine) function in thoroughly clean environments, and therefore the donning surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are secure from precipitation and airborne grit, several even in a sealed atmosphere these kinds of as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space in between the outside the house website link plate and the within roller website link plates. Chain companies began to consist of this function in 1971 following the software was invented by Joseph Montano although doing work for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings had been integrated as a way to boost lubrication to the backlinks of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally critical to extending their functioning existence. These rubber fixtures type a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside of the pin and bushing put on places. Further, the rubber o-rings stop grime and other contaminants from moving into within the chain linkages, exactly where this sort of particles would or else cause significant wear.[citation essential]

There are also numerous chains that have to operate in filthy problems, and for measurement or operational reasons are not able to be sealed. Illustrations incorporate chains on farm products, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will essentially have relatively large charges of wear, especially when the operators are well prepared to settle for more friction, significantly less effectiveness, more noise and more regular replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

A lot of oil-based lubricants entice grime and other particles, at some point forming an CZPT paste that will compound put on on chains. This issue can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which kinds a solid film soon after software and repels the two particles and humidity.

VARIANTS Layout

Format of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Internal plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not becoming utilised for a high put on application (for instance if it is just transmitting movement from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding doorway on an oven), then 1 of the less complicated varieties of chain may nonetheless be utilized. Conversely, the place additional toughness but the easy drive of a smaller pitch is needed, the chain might be “siamesed” as an alternative of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there could be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or far more rows of plates managing parallel, with bushings and rollers among every single adjacent pair, and the same amount of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, usually have a number of rows of plates known as strands.

Roller chain is created in several sizes, the most typical American National Requirements Institute (ANSI) requirements being forty, 50, sixty, and eighty. The initial digit(s) reveal the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the very last digit currently being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Therefore, a chain with 50 percent-inch pitch would be a #forty while a #a hundred and sixty sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches aside, and so on. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch therefore a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equal to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is created from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless metal is utilised in foodstuff processing machinery or other spots in which lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are from time to time witnessed for the same purpose.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up utilizing a master url (also recognized as a connecting link), which usually has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction in shape, enabling it to be inserted or eliminated with easy tools. Chain with a removable url or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the duration of the chain to be adjusted. Half backlinks (also acknowledged as offsets) are available and are used to boost the size of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the learn website link (also identified as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the finishes. These pins are produced to be sturdy and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain technique
Roller chains are used in lower- to mid-velocity drives at close to 600 to 800 toes for every moment however, at higher speeds, about 2,000 to 3,000 toes for each minute, V-belts are generally used due to wear and sound issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may possibly have a master website link, or may call for a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but bigger and thus more powerful chain is employed on most bikes though it is often changed by both a toothed belt or a shaft push, which provide reduce sound amount and fewer maintenance requirements.
The fantastic bulk of automobile engines use roller chains to push the camshaft(s). Quite higher overall performance engines usually use equipment generate, and starting in the early nineteen sixties toothed belts had been utilized by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts employing hydraulic rams as a pulley to CZPT and decrease the carriage nonetheless, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are categorised as carry or leaf chains.
Chainsaw reducing chains superficially resemble roller chains but are much more closely connected to leaf chains. They are pushed by projecting drive back links which also provide to find the chain onto the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (chilly) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain travel from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of bike chains is in the Harrier Soar Jet, where a chain generate from an air motor is employed to rotate the movable engine nozzles, making it possible for them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for regular forward flight, a system recognized as Thrust vectoring.

Dress in

 

The impact of use on a roller chain is to enhance the pitch (spacing of the hyperlinks), creating the chain to grow for a longer time. Notice that this is thanks to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from genuine stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components this kind of as the hand-brake cable of a motor motor vehicle).

With CZPT chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to put on right up until it breaks, because a worn chain sales opportunities to the rapid onset of use on the teeth of the sprockets, with final failure getting the reduction of all the enamel on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the more compact of the two) endure a grinding movement that puts a characteristic hook condition into the driven experience of the enamel. (This influence is produced even worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no subject what care is taken). The worn enamel (and chain) no more time gives clean transmission of power and this could turn out to be evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing observed with a timing light-weight. Each sprockets and chain must be replaced in these situations, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not final lengthy. Even so, in significantly less severe situations it could be feasible to conserve the greater of the 2 sprockets, since it is often the scaled-down 1 that suffers the most dress in. Only in really gentle-weight purposes such as a bicycle, or in intense circumstances of inappropriate stress, will the chain normally leap off the sprockets.

The lengthening because of to dress in of a chain is calculated by the adhering to formula:

M = the duration of a number of links calculated

S = the variety of back links measured

P = Pitch

In sector, it is common to monitor the motion of the chain tensioner (no matter whether manual or automatic) or the specific duration of a drive chain (a single rule of thumb is to substitute a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable push or 1.5% on a fixed-center generate). A simpler technique, notably suitable for the cycle or motorbike person, is to attempt to pull the chain absent from the more substantial of the 2 sprockets, while making sure the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. creating it attainable to see by means of a gap) possibly signifies a chain worn up to and outside of the limit. Sprocket injury will end result if the issue is ignored. Sprocket dress in cancels this effect, and may possibly mask chain put on.

CHAIN Power

The most frequent measure of roller chain’s power is tensile toughness. Tensile toughness represents how much load a chain can endure under a one-time load prior to breaking. Just as critical as tensile toughness is a chain’s fatigue energy. The essential factors in a chain’s fatigue power is the good quality of steel utilized to manufacture the chain, the warmth remedy of the chain components, the quality of the pitch gap fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot in addition the intensity of shot peen protection on the linkplates. Other factors can consist of the thickness of the linkplates and the style (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous push is for the chain load to not CZPT a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile toughness, based on the type of learn hyperlinks used (push-in shape vs. slip-match)[citation essential]. Roller chains operating on a continuous travel beyond these thresholds can and typically do are unsuccessful prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The common minimum supreme energy of the ANSI 29.1 metal chain is 12,five hundred x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains tremendously lower wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The inside lubrication is inserted by signifies of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Requirements businesses (such as ANSI and ISO) sustain specifications for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For case in point, the adhering to Table shows data from ANSI normal B29.1-2011 (Precision Energy Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) produced by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][ten] for further info.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Final Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Common Sizes
Measurement Pitch Highest Roller Diameter Least Ultimate Tensile Energy Measuring Load
25 .250 in (6.35 mm) .a hundred thirty in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) eighteen lb (8.2 kg)
35 .375 in (9.53 mm) .200 in (5.08 mm) one,760 lb (800 kg) eighteen lb (8.2 kg)
41 .five hundred in (12.70 mm) .306 in (7.seventy seven mm) one,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 .500 in (twelve.70 mm) .312 in (7.92 mm) three,a hundred twenty five lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
fifty .625 in (fifteen.88 mm) .four hundred in (10.sixteen mm) four,880 lb (2,210 kg) forty nine lb (22 kg)
sixty .750 in (19.05 mm) .469 in (11.91 mm) seven,030 lb (3,a hundred ninety kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
eighty one.000 in (twenty five.forty mm) .625 in (15.88 mm) 12,five hundred lb (5,700 kg) a hundred twenty five lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.seventy five mm) .750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
one hundred twenty 1.500 in (38.ten mm) .875 in (22.23 mm) 28,a hundred twenty five lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
a hundred and forty one.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (twenty five.forty mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 two.000 in (fifty.80 mm) 1.one hundred twenty five in (28.fifty eight mm) fifty,000 lb (23,000 kg) five hundred lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (fifty seven.fifteen mm) one.460 in (37.08 mm) sixty three,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
two hundred two.500 in (sixty three.fifty mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) seventy eight,a hundred seventy five lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) one.875 in (forty seven.sixty three mm) 112,five hundred lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, beneath is one more presentation of key proportions from the very same common, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was element of the contemplating driving the selection of desired figures in the ANSI regular):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI common
chain quantity
Width (inches)
onefour twoeight 2five one8
3eight three8 threefive threesixteen
1two four8 41 1four
1two 4eight 4 516
5eight 5eight five 3eight
34 six8 six 1two
1 eight8 eight five8

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance amongst roller centers. The width is the distance amongst the link plates (i.e. marginally more than the roller width to let for clearance).
2. The appropriate-hand digit of the normal denotes 0 = standard chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The remaining-hand digit denotes the quantity of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard amount denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated variety pursuing the normal amount denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. As a result 60H-3 denotes variety 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A normal bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) employs slender 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not influence the load ability. The much more sprockets at the rear wheel (traditionally 3-6, these days 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are offered according to the number of speeds they are created to function with, for example, “ten speed chain”. Hub equipment or single pace bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the highest thickness of a sprocket that can be utilised with the chain.

Normally chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of hyperlinks, with every single slender website link adopted by a broad one particular. Chains built up with a uniform type of url, narrow at 1 and wide at the other end, can be made with an odd number of back links, which can be an benefit to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance on the other facet this kind of a chain tends to be not so powerful.

Roller chains produced employing ISO regular are at times known as as isochains.

 

WHY Decide on US 

one. Dependable Quality Assurance Technique
two. Chopping-Edge Pc-Controlled CNC Equipment
3. Bespoke Options from Highly Experienced Specialists
four. Customization and OEM Accessible for Certain Software
5. In depth Inventory of Spare Areas and Equipment
6. Effectively-Produced Worldwide Advertising and marketing Network
7. Productive Following-Sale Provider Method

 

The 219 sets of superior automated manufacturing gear provide assures for substantial product high quality. The 167 engineers and professionals with senior specialist titles can style and produce goods to meet up with the specific needs of clients, and OEM customizations are also accessible with us. Our seem international services network can give consumers with well timed right after-revenue complex services.

We are not just a producer and supplier, but also an business expert. We function pro-actively with you to supply specialist guidance and solution recommendations in buy to conclude up with a most expense efficient item available for your distinct software. The consumers we serve globally range from stop users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted anywhere necessary and ideal for each mend and new assemblies.

 

Routine maintenance actions of industrial chain lifting chain!
1. The sprocket ought to be mounted on the shaft and need to not be skewed or swayed. In the same transmission assembly, the conclude faces of the two sprockets ought to be on the identical airplane. When the center length of the sprocket is less than .5m, the allowable deviation is 1mm when the center length of the sprocket is more significant than .5m, the permissible deviation is 2mm. Nevertheless, no friction is authorized on the sprocket facet. If the knitting action of the two laps is also huge, it is straightforward to trigger de-chaining and accelerated use. Check out and modify offset when replacing sprockets.
two. The tightness of the lifting chain need to be proper. Too tight will improve electrical power intake, and the bearings are inclined to use. The tightness of the chain is: carry or compress from the center of the chain, and the heart length among the two sprockets is about 2%-3%.
three. The new lifting chain is too extended or stretched soon after use, and it is tough to Transmission characteristics of the chain
It is usually acknowledged that the chain has grow to be an cost-effective component in transmission and conveying gear because of to its minimal velocity and substantial load. In follow, nevertheless, several chains are also employed in substantial-velocity problems, such as the camshaft drive system of a automobile motor.
one. Easily accommodates up to 7:1 deceleration/acceleration.
two. The chain can adapt to extended heart distances and is much more broadly used.
three. The chain is straightforward to recognize multi-axis transmission or chain transmission on each sides.
four. The chain is standardized, and the variety is straightforward and simple.
five. Effortless to lower and hook up the chain.
six. In order to transmit the exact same torque, the diameter of the sprocket of the chain system is scaled-down than the diameter of the pulley.
seven. Sprockets dress in considerably less than gears since the sprockets are able to distribute the load more than numerous sprocket enamel.
8. Via the boost of vibration brought on by dress in elongation or put on elongation, it can be acknowledged whether or not the support lifestyle of the chain has been achieved, which is effortless to observe and grasp.
modify. Eliminate hyperlinks as essential, but have to be an even quantity. The backlinks need to go by way of the back of the chain, the cleats need to be inserted on the outside, and the openings of the cleats should be going through the opposite path of rotation.
4. When the sprocket is critically worn, the new sprocket and new chain should be replaced at the same time to ensure good meshing. New chains or sprockets are not able to be replaced individually. Failure to do so will result in bad meshing and accelerated put on of the new chain or sprocket. Soon after the sprocket tooth surface is worn to a particular extent, it ought to be repaired in time. Increase usage time.
5. The previous lifting chain can’t be mixed with a component of the new chain, normally it will simply cause transmission vibration and hurt the chain.
6. Keep in mind to add lubricating oil in time for the duration of function. Lubricant must enter the hole amongst the rollers and the inner sleeve to increase working problems and reduce use.

China high quality Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Sequence Quick Pitch Precision A number of Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Components     with Greatest Revenue