Tag Archives: roller chains parts

China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
16ASS-2 25.4-0-0. p. 211. Retrieved 17 May 2-0-0. p. 86. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
 Green 1996, pp. 2337-2361
 “ANSI G7 Standard Roller Chain – Tsubaki Europe”. Tsubaki Europe. Tsubakimoto Europe B.V. Retrieved 18 June 2.
External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roller chains.
The Complete Xihu (West Lake) Dis. to Chain
Categories: Chain drivesMechanical power transmissionMechanical power control
Company Workshop
Company Certifications
Safe And Efficient Delivery
Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.
 
Q: If products have some quality problem, how would you deal with?
A: We will responsible for all the quality problems.
 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-load applications?

Yes, bush chains are commonly used in high-load applications due to their robust design and ability to handle heavy loads. The construction of a bush chain allows it to transmit significant amounts of force and torque, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

Bush chains are designed with solid bushings and precision rollers that provide excellent load-carrying capacity. The bushings act as a bearing surface between the pins and the rollers, reducing friction and allowing for smooth rotation under high loads.

Furthermore, bush chains are available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different load requirements. They are made from durable materials such as alloy steel or stainless steel, which further enhances their strength and load-bearing capabilities.

When selecting a bush chain for a high-load application, it is important to consider factors such as the anticipated load magnitude, operating conditions, and the desired safety margin. Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are also essential to ensure optimal performance and extend the service life of the bush chain in high-load applications.

Overall, bush chains are a reliable choice for transmitting high loads and are widely used in industries such as mining, construction, heavy machinery, and material handling.

China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China Hot selling Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-11-08

China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
16ASS-2 25.4-0-0. p. 211. Retrieved 17 May 2-0-0. p. 86. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
 Green 1996, pp. 2337-2361
 “ANSI G7 Standard Roller Chain – Tsubaki Europe”. Tsubaki Europe. Tsubakimoto Europe B.V. Retrieved 18 June 2.
External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roller chains.
The Complete Xihu (West Lake) Dis. to Chain
Categories: Chain drivesMechanical power transmissionMechanical power control
Company Workshop
Company Certifications
Safe And Efficient Delivery
Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.
 
Q: If products have some quality problem, how would you deal with?
A: We will responsible for all the quality problems.
 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

bush chain

What are the benefits of using a corrosion-resistant bush chain?

A corrosion-resistant bush chain offers several advantages in various applications where exposure to moisture, chemicals, or other corrosive elements is a concern. Here are the key benefits:

1. Extended service life: Corrosion-resistant bush chains are specifically designed to withstand corrosive environments, resulting in a longer service life compared to standard chains. They are resistant to rust, oxidation, and other forms of corrosion, minimizing the risk of premature failure.

2. Reliable performance: By utilizing corrosion-resistant materials, the bush chain maintains its structural integrity and mechanical properties even in corrosive conditions. This ensures reliable and consistent performance over an extended period.

3. Reduced maintenance and downtime: Corrosion-resistant bush chains require less maintenance compared to standard chains. They are less susceptible to damage and wear caused by corrosion, reducing the frequency of lubrication, inspection, and replacement. This results in lower maintenance costs and less downtime for the equipment.

4. Improved safety: Corrosion can weaken a chain, compromising its strength and integrity. By using a corrosion-resistant bush chain, the risk of chain failure and potential accidents is significantly reduced, enhancing workplace safety.

5. Versatility in harsh environments: Corrosion-resistant bush chains can be used in a wide range of applications and industries where exposure to moisture, chemicals, saltwater, or other corrosive agents is prevalent. They are commonly employed in marine environments, chemical processing plants, wastewater treatment facilities, food processing plants, and outdoor equipment.

6. Cost-effective solution: While corrosion-resistant bush chains may have a higher initial cost compared to standard chains, their extended lifespan and reduced maintenance requirements result in long-term cost savings. The lower frequency of chain replacement, repairs, and associated downtime contributes to overall cost-effectiveness.

It is important to select the appropriate corrosion-resistant bush chain based on the specific corrosive agents and environmental conditions it will be exposed to. Consulting with chain manufacturers or industry experts can help in choosing the right chain material and coating for optimal corrosion resistance.

bush chain

What are the noise levels associated with a bush chain?

The noise levels associated with a bush chain can vary depending on several factors. Here are some considerations:

1. Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a significant role in reducing noise levels. Insufficient lubrication or using the wrong type of lubricant can increase friction and generate more noise. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure smooth operation and minimize noise.

2. Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is essential for reducing noise. Excessive slack or excessive tension can lead to increased vibration and noise. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the correct tensioning of the bush chain.

3. Chain Quality: The quality and design of the bush chain can also affect noise levels. High-quality bush chains are engineered to minimize vibration and noise generation during operation.

4. External Factors: Other external factors such as the design of the sprockets, the surrounding environment, and the presence of any additional components or accessories can influence noise levels. Proper alignment of the chain and sprockets, as well as the use of noise-dampening materials or guards, can help reduce noise.

It is important to note that while bush chains may generate some noise during operation, advancements in chain design and materials have significantly reduced noise levels in modern chains. Additionally, regular maintenance and proper installation can further minimize noise levels associated with a bush chain.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-speed applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, but there are certain considerations to keep in mind. While bush chains are known for their durability and strength, they may have limitations in terms of their maximum allowable speed due to factors such as centrifugal forces and dynamic loads.

The speed capability of a bush chain depends on several factors, including the chain design, material, lubrication, and operating conditions. It is important to select a bush chain that is specifically designed for high-speed applications and to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding speed limits.

In high-speed applications, it is crucial to ensure proper chain tensioning and alignment to minimize vibration and reduce the risk of chain failure. Regular maintenance, including lubrication and inspection, is also essential to prevent premature wear and extend the service life of the chain.

Additionally, the selection of a suitable lubricant is important for high-speed bush chain applications. The lubricant should have excellent film strength and provide sufficient protection against wear and friction at high speeds. It is recommended to consult with the chain manufacturer or a lubrication specialist to determine the most suitable lubrication solution.

Overall, while bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, it is essential to consider the specific requirements and limitations of the application and to ensure proper maintenance and lubrication to achieve reliable and efficient operation.

China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China best Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts 16A Ss-2 Duplex Stainless Steel Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-11-07

China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
60-5 12A-5 19.050 11.91 12.57 5.94 117.0 118.8 18.00 2.42 22.78 159.0/35768 174.90 7.75

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
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The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Usage: Transmission Chain, Drag Chain, Conveyor Chain, Dedicated Special Chain
Material: Stainless steel
Surface Treatment: Polishing
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bush chain

What are the safety precautions when working with bush chains?

Working with bush chains requires adherence to certain safety precautions to ensure the well-being of operators and prevent accidents. Here are some important safety measures to consider:

1. Personal protective equipment (PPE): Operators should wear appropriate PPE, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing, to protect themselves from potential hazards such as flying debris, pinching, or entanglement.

2. Training and knowledge: Operators should be properly trained in the operation and maintenance of bush chains. They should have a thorough understanding of the equipment, including its components, functions, and potential hazards. Training should cover safe operating procedures, including start-up, shutdown, and emergency procedures.

3. Lockout/tagout procedures: Before performing any maintenance or repair work on a bush chain, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the equipment, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup.

4. Regular inspections: Regular inspections should be conducted to identify any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment in the bush chain. This includes checking for loose bolts, worn sprockets, damaged links, or any other issues that could compromise the chain’s integrity. Any identified problems should be promptly addressed to prevent further damage or accidents.

5. Proper lifting and handling: When handling bush chains, proper lifting techniques should be employed to prevent strain or injury. Chains should be lifted using appropriate lifting equipment, and operators should avoid placing themselves in a position where they could be caught between moving parts.

6. Clean and well-maintained work environment: The work area should be clean, well-lit, and free from clutter or obstructions. This ensures that operators have clear visibility and can safely access the bush chain without tripping or other hazards.

7. Follow manufacturer guidelines: It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for the safe use, maintenance, and inspection of the specific bush chain being used. This includes following recommended lubrication practices, tensioning guidelines, and any other instructions provided by the manufacturer.

By adhering to these safety precautions, operators can mitigate potential risks associated with working with bush chains and ensure a safe working environment for themselves and others involved in the operation and maintenance of the equipment.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-speed applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, but there are certain considerations to keep in mind. While bush chains are known for their durability and strength, they may have limitations in terms of their maximum allowable speed due to factors such as centrifugal forces and dynamic loads.

The speed capability of a bush chain depends on several factors, including the chain design, material, lubrication, and operating conditions. It is important to select a bush chain that is specifically designed for high-speed applications and to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding speed limits.

In high-speed applications, it is crucial to ensure proper chain tensioning and alignment to minimize vibration and reduce the risk of chain failure. Regular maintenance, including lubrication and inspection, is also essential to prevent premature wear and extend the service life of the chain.

Additionally, the selection of a suitable lubricant is important for high-speed bush chain applications. The lubricant should have excellent film strength and provide sufficient protection against wear and friction at high speeds. It is recommended to consult with the chain manufacturer or a lubrication specialist to determine the most suitable lubrication solution.

Overall, while bush chains can be used in high-speed applications, it is essential to consider the specific requirements and limitations of the application and to ensure proper maintenance and lubrication to achieve reliable and efficient operation.

China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-10-24

China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness
t/Tmax
mm
Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
12BSS-3 19.050 12.07 11.68 5.72 61.50 63.10 16.00 1.85 19.46 55.5/12477 3.71

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush
*Straight side plates
Stainless steel chains are suitable for corrosive conditions involving food,chemicals pharmaceuticals,etc.and also suitable for high and low temperature conditions.

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Roller chain
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient[1] means of power transmission.

Though CHINAMFG Renold is credited with inventing the roller chain in 1880, sketches by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century show a chain with a roller bearing.

Construction of the chain
Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

Lubrication
Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

Variants in design

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

Use

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.
 

Wear

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

{\displaystyle \%=((M-(S*P))/(S*P))*100}

 

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

Chain strength

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

Chain standards

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25.

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.
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Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.

 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain, Rotransmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Material: Stainless Steel, Rubber
Type: Bush Chain, Transmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in continuous operation applications?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in continuous operation applications. Continuous operation refers to a scenario where the chain is constantly in motion without significant periods of rest.

Bush chains are designed to handle continuous operation and are commonly used in various industrial applications that require continuous power transmission or material handling. They are known for their durability, reliability, and ability to withstand prolonged use.

When selecting a bush chain for continuous operation, it is important to consider factors such as the chain’s load capacity, speed rating, lubrication requirements, and overall durability. It’s crucial to choose a chain that is specifically designed for continuous operation to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Regular maintenance, including proper lubrication and periodic inspections, is essential to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of the bush chain in continuous applications. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines for maintenance and lubrication intervals is crucial to prevent premature wear and ensure reliable operation.

Overall, bush chains are well-suited for continuous operation applications and provide a reliable means of power transmission or material handling in various industries.

bush chain

How does a bush chain contribute to overall system efficiency?

A bush chain contributes to overall system efficiency in several ways:

1. Power transmission: Bush chains are designed to efficiently transmit power from the driving source to the driven machinery or equipment. They have high tensile strength and can effectively transfer rotational motion, allowing for the efficient transfer of power from the motor or engine to the intended application.

2. Load-bearing capacity: Bush chains are capable of handling heavy loads and are designed to withstand the stresses associated with transmitting power in industrial applications. By efficiently transferring the load, they minimize power losses and reduce the need for additional components or systems.

3. Smooth and reliable operation: Bush chains are constructed with precision-engineered components that work together to provide smooth and reliable operation. They have low friction between the bushings and pins, reducing energy losses and minimizing wear and tear. This results in improved overall system efficiency.

4. Minimal maintenance requirements: Bush chains are designed to operate with minimal maintenance. They have self-lubricating capabilities, reducing the need for frequent lubrication. This not only saves time and resources but also ensures consistent performance and extends the chain’s lifespan.

5. Flexibility and adaptability: Bush chains can be customized and adapted to suit specific application requirements. They are available in various sizes, pitches, and configurations, allowing for easy integration into different systems. This flexibility enhances system efficiency by providing the optimal chain solution for the specific application.

Overall, a properly selected and maintained bush chain contributes to the overall efficiency of a system by minimizing power losses, reducing wear and tear, and providing reliable and smooth operation. It ensures effective power transmission and load-bearing capacity, resulting in improved productivity and reduced downtime.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-load applications?

Yes, bush chains are commonly used in high-load applications due to their robust design and ability to handle heavy loads. The construction of a bush chain allows it to transmit significant amounts of force and torque, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

Bush chains are designed with solid bushings and precision rollers that provide excellent load-carrying capacity. The bushings act as a bearing surface between the pins and the rollers, reducing friction and allowing for smooth rotation under high loads.

Furthermore, bush chains are available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different load requirements. They are made from durable materials such as alloy steel or stainless steel, which further enhances their strength and load-bearing capabilities.

When selecting a bush chain for a high-load application, it is important to consider factors such as the anticipated load magnitude, operating conditions, and the desired safety margin. Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are also essential to ensure optimal performance and extend the service life of the bush chain in high-load applications.

Overall, bush chains are a reliable choice for transmitting high loads and are widely used in industries such as mining, construction, heavy machinery, and material handling.

China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-10-11

China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
100-6 20A-6 31.750 19.05 18.90 9.53 219.4 223.7 30.00 4.00 35.76 531.0/119452 584.10 23.36

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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bush chain

What are the safety precautions when working with bush chains?

Working with bush chains requires adherence to certain safety precautions to ensure the well-being of operators and prevent accidents. Here are some important safety measures to consider:

1. Personal protective equipment (PPE): Operators should wear appropriate PPE, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing, to protect themselves from potential hazards such as flying debris, pinching, or entanglement.

2. Training and knowledge: Operators should be properly trained in the operation and maintenance of bush chains. They should have a thorough understanding of the equipment, including its components, functions, and potential hazards. Training should cover safe operating procedures, including start-up, shutdown, and emergency procedures.

3. Lockout/tagout procedures: Before performing any maintenance or repair work on a bush chain, proper lockout/tagout procedures should be followed. This involves isolating the power source, de-energizing the equipment, and securing it with lockout devices or tags to prevent accidental startup.

4. Regular inspections: Regular inspections should be conducted to identify any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment in the bush chain. This includes checking for loose bolts, worn sprockets, damaged links, or any other issues that could compromise the chain’s integrity. Any identified problems should be promptly addressed to prevent further damage or accidents.

5. Proper lifting and handling: When handling bush chains, proper lifting techniques should be employed to prevent strain or injury. Chains should be lifted using appropriate lifting equipment, and operators should avoid placing themselves in a position where they could be caught between moving parts.

6. Clean and well-maintained work environment: The work area should be clean, well-lit, and free from clutter or obstructions. This ensures that operators have clear visibility and can safely access the bush chain without tripping or other hazards.

7. Follow manufacturer guidelines: It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for the safe use, maintenance, and inspection of the specific bush chain being used. This includes following recommended lubrication practices, tensioning guidelines, and any other instructions provided by the manufacturer.

By adhering to these safety precautions, operators can mitigate potential risks associated with working with bush chains and ensure a safe working environment for themselves and others involved in the operation and maintenance of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the design considerations for a bush chain system?

When designing a bush chain system, several key considerations should be taken into account to ensure its reliable and efficient operation. These design considerations include:

1. Load capacity: Evaluate the expected loads that the bush chain system will need to handle. Consider the weight, size, and type of materials or products being conveyed or transmitted. Select a bush chain with a suitable load capacity to ensure it can withstand the required loads.

2. Speed and acceleration: Determine the desired operating speed and acceleration of the bush chain system. This will influence the selection of chain pitch, material, and lubrication requirements. Higher speeds may require additional considerations such as reduced friction or increased precision.

3. Environmental conditions: Evaluate the operating environment for the bush chain system. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and presence of corrosive or abrasive substances. Select a bush chain material and coating that can withstand the environmental conditions and resist corrosion or wear.

4. Space limitations: Assess the available space for the installation of the bush chain system. Consider the dimensions and layout of the equipment, conveyor, or transmission system. Ensure that there is sufficient clearance for the chain’s movement and that the system can be properly tensioned and aligned.

5. Alignment and tensioning: Proper tensioning and alignment are critical for the smooth operation of a bush chain system. Design the system to include tensioners, idler sprockets, or adjustable mounting options to facilitate easy tensioning and alignment adjustments.

6. Lubrication and maintenance: Determine the lubrication requirements of the bush chain system. Consider the frequency and method of lubrication, as well as any accessibility constraints for maintenance. Select a lubrication method that suits the application, such as manual lubrication, automatic lubrication systems, or self-lubricating bush chains.

7. Safety considerations: Ensure that the bush chain system is designed with appropriate safety measures. Incorporate guards, covers, or enclosures where necessary to prevent accidental contact with moving parts. Consider emergency stop systems and safety interlocks for the protection of personnel and equipment.

By carefully considering these design factors, a bush chain system can be optimized for performance, reliability, and longevity in a specific application or industry.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in high-load applications?

Yes, bush chains are commonly used in high-load applications due to their robust design and ability to handle heavy loads. The construction of a bush chain allows it to transmit significant amounts of force and torque, making it suitable for demanding industrial applications.

Bush chains are designed with solid bushings and precision rollers that provide excellent load-carrying capacity. The bushings act as a bearing surface between the pins and the rollers, reducing friction and allowing for smooth rotation under high loads.

Furthermore, bush chains are available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different load requirements. They are made from durable materials such as alloy steel or stainless steel, which further enhances their strength and load-bearing capabilities.

When selecting a bush chain for a high-load application, it is important to consider factors such as the anticipated load magnitude, operating conditions, and the desired safety margin. Proper lubrication and regular maintenance are also essential to ensure optimal performance and extend the service life of the bush chain in high-load applications.

Overall, bush chains are a reliable choice for transmitting high loads and are widely used in industries such as mining, construction, heavy machinery, and material handling.

China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts  China Custom Transmission Chain 20A-6 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Motorcycle/Bicycle Parts
editor by CX 2023-09-13

China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
200-2 40A-2 63.500 39.68 37.85 19.85 151.9 158.8 60.00 8.00 71.55 707.60/16 571 933.6 32.24

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyor
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Derrick, Bush Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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bush chain

How does a bush chain handle reverse rotations and backdrives?

A bush chain is designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives effectively. Here’s how it works:

1. Non-Slip Design: Bush chains are typically constructed with interlocking link plates and precision-fitted bushings. This design ensures that the chain maintains a positive engagement with the sprockets, preventing slippage or disengagement during reverse rotations or backdrives.

2. Tooth Profile: The sprockets used with bush chains are designed with a specific tooth profile that helps in maintaining proper chain engagement even during reverse rotations. The tooth shape ensures a smooth transition of the chain from one tooth to another, minimizing the risk of skipping or jumping off the sprocket.

3. Backstop Mechanisms: In some applications where backdrives or reverse rotations are more common, additional backstop mechanisms may be employed. These mechanisms prevent the chain from moving in the undesired direction by utilizing devices such as one-way clutches or backstop sprockets.

4. Proper Chain Tension: Maintaining proper chain tension is crucial for reliable operation in reverse rotations and backdrives. Adequate tension ensures that the chain remains engaged with the sprockets and minimizes the possibility of slippage.

Overall, bush chains are designed to handle reverse rotations and backdrives without compromising their performance and reliability. However, it is important to consider the specific application requirements and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to ensure the selection of the appropriate bush chain design and components for the desired operating conditions.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in vertical lifting applications?

Yes, bush chains can be used in vertical lifting applications. The design and construction of bush chains make them suitable for transmitting power and lifting heavy loads in a vertical direction. Bush chains are commonly used in various vertical lifting systems such as elevators, cranes, hoists, and material handling equipment.

When utilizing a bush chain for vertical lifting, several factors should be considered:

1. Load capacity: Determine the maximum load that the bush chain needs to support during the lifting operation. Select a bush chain with an appropriate load capacity to ensure it can handle the weight of the load.

2. Safety factors: Consider the safety requirements and regulations for vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the selected bush chain meets the necessary safety standards and has a sufficient factor of safety to handle the intended load.

3. Speed and acceleration: Evaluate the desired lifting speed and acceleration. Take into account the weight of the load, the distance to be lifted, and the required lifting time. Ensure that the bush chain is capable of safely lifting the load at the desired speed and acceleration.

4. Tensioning and alignment: Proper tensioning and alignment are crucial for the smooth and reliable operation of a bush chain in vertical lifting applications. Ensure that the bush chain is properly tensioned and aligned to prevent issues such as chain slack, skipping, or jamming.

5. Lubrication: Provide adequate lubrication to reduce friction and wear between the bush chain components. Lubrication helps to prolong the life of the chain and ensures smooth movement during the lifting operation. Select the appropriate lubrication method based on the application requirements and operating conditions.

It is important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and specifications when selecting and installing a bush chain for vertical lifting applications. Proper maintenance and regular inspections should also be conducted to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the bush chain in the vertical lifting system.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts  China factory Motorcycle Roller Chain 200-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Alloy Steel Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts
editor by CX 2023-09-08

China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Roller Chains & Bush Chains

 

ANSI
Chain No.

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
    Pt     mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight per meter
q   kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
60-5 12A-5 19.050 11.91 12.57 5.94 117.0 118.8 18.00 2.42 22.78 159.0/35768 174.90 7.75

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Usage: Transmission Chain, Drag Chain, Conveyor Chain, Dedicated Special Chain
Material: Stainless steel
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

bush chain

How does a bush chain handle misalignment in a system?

A bush chain is designed to accommodate a certain degree of misalignment within a system. Here’s how a bush chain handles misalignment:

1. Flexibility: The construction of a bush chain allows it to flex and adjust to minor misalignments. The bushings, which are inserted into the chain’s links, provide a degree of flexibility and allow the chain to move smoothly even when the sprockets are slightly misaligned.

2. Self-Alignment: The self-lubricating properties of some bush chains contribute to their ability to handle misalignment. The lubrication helps reduce friction and allows the chain to self-align by adjusting its position to minimize stress and binding caused by misaligned sprockets.

3. Tolerance for Misalignment: Bush chains are designed with specific clearance between the bushings and pins. This clearance provides some tolerance for misalignment. It allows the chain to accommodate slight angular or parallel misalignment between the sprockets without causing excessive wear or damage.

4. Compensation for Load Variances: In systems where load distribution is not uniform, such as conveyor systems, bush chains can help compensate for load variances. The flexibility of the chain allows it to adapt to changes in load distribution and adjust accordingly, reducing stress on the chain and sprockets.

It is important to note that while bush chains can handle minor misalignment, excessive misalignment should be avoided. Excessive misalignment can cause accelerated wear, increased noise, and reduced chain life. Proper alignment and regular maintenance are essential to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the bush chain system.

bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in corrosive or harsh environments, but it requires careful selection and proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some considerations:

1. Material Selection: When operating in corrosive environments, it is crucial to select a bush chain made from corrosion-resistant materials such as stainless steel or specialty alloys. These materials offer enhanced resistance to corrosion and chemical attack.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying coatings or surface treatments to the bush chain can provide additional protection against corrosion. For example, coatings like zinc plating, nickel plating, or chemical treatments can help inhibit rust and corrosion.

3. Sealing and Protection: In harsh environments, it is essential to protect the bush chain from contaminants and corrosive substances. Enclosing the chain in a protective housing or using seals, covers, or boots can help prevent the entry of corrosive agents and debris.

4. Proper Lubrication: Adequate lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and preventing corrosion. Choose lubricants specifically designed for use in corrosive environments, such as those with anti-corrosion additives. Regular lubrication maintenance is necessary to ensure the chain remains well-lubricated and protected.

5. Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance are vital to remove any corrosive substances or contaminants that may have accumulated on the chain. This includes thorough cleaning, inspection, and re-lubrication as necessary.

It is important to consult with chain manufacturers or industry experts to determine the most suitable bush chain and maintenance practices for the specific corrosive or harsh environment. By implementing these measures, a bush chain can effectively operate and withstand the challenges posed by corrosive or harsh conditions.

bush chain

What industries commonly use bush chains?

Bush chains are widely used in various industries that require reliable and efficient power transmission systems. Here are some industries that commonly utilize bush chains:

1. Manufacturing and Machinery: Bush chains find extensive use in manufacturing and machinery applications. They are employed in conveyors, assembly lines, packaging equipment, machine tools, and other machinery where reliable and smooth power transmission is essential.

2. Automotive: The automotive industry relies on bush chains for various applications, including engine timing systems, camshaft drives, timing belts, and other critical automotive components. Bush chains offer the durability and strength required for high-speed and high-torque applications.

3. Agriculture: Bush chains play a crucial role in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They are used for transmitting power in these rugged and demanding environments, providing reliable operation even under heavy loads.

4. Material Handling: The material handling industry heavily utilizes bush chains in conveyor systems, elevators, escalators, and other equipment involved in the movement of goods. Bush chains offer the strength and durability required for handling heavy loads and continuous operation.

5. Mining and Quarrying: In mining and quarrying operations, bush chains are employed in various equipment, including crushers, screens, conveyors, and bucket elevators. They withstand the harsh conditions and heavy loads encountered in these industries.

6. Energy and Power Generation: Bush chains are used in power plants, renewable energy systems, and other energy-related applications. They are utilized in equipment such as turbines, generators, pumps, and conveyors to transmit power efficiently and reliably.

7. Construction and Heavy Equipment: The construction industry relies on bush chains in equipment like cranes, excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. These chains provide the necessary power transmission for the movement of heavy loads and the operation of various construction machinery.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use bush chains. However, bush chains have a broad range of applications and can be found in many other industries where reliable power transmission is required.

China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China supplier Automatic Conveyor Belt Parts 12A-5 a Series Short Pitch Precision Multiple Strand Driving Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-09-05

China high quality Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery 50-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
50-2 10A-2 15.875 10.16 9.40 5.08 38.9 40.4 15.09 2.03 18.11 44.40/10091 62.6 2.00

*Bush chain: d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Short Pitch Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

Customization:
Available

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bush chain

How do you calculate the required length of a bush chain?

The length of a bush chain is determined by the distance between the sprockets or pulleys it needs to span. To calculate the required length, you can follow these steps:

1. Measure the distance between the centers of the sprockets or pulleys where the bush chain will be installed. This is known as the “center distance.”

2. Determine the number of chain links required. The number of links depends on the pitch of the bush chain, which is the distance between adjacent pins. The pitch is typically specified by the chain manufacturer.

3. Divide the center distance by the pitch of the chain to calculate the number of chain links needed. Round up to the nearest whole number to ensure proper engagement of the chain with the sprockets.

4. Multiply the number of chain links by the pitch to obtain the actual length of the chain required.

Keep in mind that the calculated chain length is a starting point and may need to be adjusted during installation. It is recommended to provide some additional slack in the chain to accommodate any tensioning or adjustment requirements.

It’s important to refer to the manufacturer’s specifications and guidelines for the specific bush chain you are using, as different chain types and designs may have variations in calculating the required length.

bush chain

How do you ensure proper tensioning and alignment of a bush chain?

Proper tensioning and alignment of a bush chain are crucial for its optimal performance and longevity. Here are the steps to ensure proper tensioning and alignment:

1. Tensioning:

– Consult the manufacturer’s guidelines: Refer to the manufacturer’s specifications or guidelines for the recommended tensioning method and tension values specific to the bush chain you are using.

– Check the sag: Measure the sag of the chain between two sprockets. The sag should be within the recommended range provided by the manufacturer. Adjust the tension as necessary to achieve the proper sag.

– Use a tensioning device: Depending on the application, you may use a tensioning device such as a tensioner or an idler sprocket to achieve the desired tension. These devices help maintain the tension over time as the chain wears.

2. Alignment:

– Visual inspection: Visually inspect the alignment of the chain with the sprockets. Ensure that the chain is properly seated on the sprocket teeth and running parallel to the sprocket shaft.

– Sprocket alignment: Check the alignment of the sprockets themselves. They should be aligned with each other and positioned correctly on their respective shafts.

– Adjustment: If misalignment is detected, make the necessary adjustments to align the chain and sprockets. This may involve repositioning the sprockets or adjusting the tensioning devices.

3. Regular inspection and maintenance:

– Periodically check the tension and alignment of the bush chain during routine maintenance. This ensures that any changes or deviations can be detected and corrected promptly.

– Monitor wear and elongation: Over time, bush chains may experience wear and elongation. Regularly measure the chain length or inspect for signs of elongation to determine if chain replacement or adjustment is necessary.

Proper tensioning and alignment of a bush chain optimize its performance, minimize wear, and reduce the risk of premature failure. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines and performing regular inspections and maintenance will help ensure the proper tensioning and alignment of the bush chain in your application.

bush chain

What are the main components of a bush chain?

A bush chain consists of several key components that work together to enable efficient power transmission. The main components of a bush chain include:

1. Bushings: Bushings are cylindrical components with a hollow bore that fit into the chain links. They provide a low-friction interface between the chain pins and the link plates, allowing smooth rotation and reducing wear.

2. Pins: Pins are cylindrical metal rods that connect the inner plates and outer plates of the chain links. They pass through the bushings and provide the rotational movement of the chain. The pins are hardened and precisely machined to withstand the loads and provide durability.

3. Link Plates: Link plates are flat metal plates that are connected by the pins. They form the main structure of the chain and transmit the tensile forces. The link plates are typically made of high-strength steel and are designed to withstand the applied loads.

4. Rollers: Some bush chains feature rollers that are located between the link plates and the bushings. These rollers allow smoother engagement with sprockets or other mating components, reducing friction and enhancing the chain’s performance. Rollers also help to maintain proper chain tension.

5. Retaining Clips or Rivets: Retaining clips or rivets are used to secure the pins in place and prevent them from rotating within the link plates. They ensure the integrity of the chain assembly and maintain the proper alignment of the components.

6. Lubrication: Lubrication is crucial for the proper functioning and longevity of a bush chain. It helps to reduce friction, minimize wear, and prevent corrosion. Lubrication can be applied through various methods, such as oil bath, oil drip, or periodic lubrication.

These components work together to provide reliable power transmission in bush chain systems. The precise design and construction of each component contribute to the overall strength, durability, and efficiency of the chain.

China high quality Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery 50-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China high quality Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery 50-2 a Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-09-04

China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts

Product Description

B Series Short pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/DIN
Chain No.
Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width
between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2 max
mm

Pin length Inner
plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

         Pt         mm

Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average
tensile strength

Q0
kN

Weight
per meter
q  kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
32B-2 50.800 29.21 30.99 17.81 124.6 129.6 42.00 7.00/6.0 58.55 450.0/157173 508.5 21.00

*Straight side plates

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CZPT range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

 

 

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.



To be negotiated
Usage: Transmission Chain, Drag Chain, Conveyor Chain, Dedicated Special Chain
Material: Alloy
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
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bush chain

Can a bush chain be used in continuous operation applications?

Yes, a bush chain can be used in continuous operation applications. Continuous operation refers to a scenario where the chain is constantly in motion without significant periods of rest.

Bush chains are designed to handle continuous operation and are commonly used in various industrial applications that require continuous power transmission or material handling. They are known for their durability, reliability, and ability to withstand prolonged use.

When selecting a bush chain for continuous operation, it is important to consider factors such as the chain’s load capacity, speed rating, lubrication requirements, and overall durability. It’s crucial to choose a chain that is specifically designed for continuous operation to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

Regular maintenance, including proper lubrication and periodic inspections, is essential to ensure the smooth operation and longevity of the bush chain in continuous applications. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines for maintenance and lubrication intervals is crucial to prevent premature wear and ensure reliable operation.

Overall, bush chains are well-suited for continuous operation applications and provide a reliable means of power transmission or material handling in various industries.

bush chain

What are the common signs of wear and tear in a bush chain?

As a bush chain is subjected to regular use and stress, it can exhibit signs of wear and tear over time. Here are some common indicators to look out for:

1. Chain Elongation: One of the most apparent signs of wear in a bush chain is elongation. This occurs when the chain’s pitch increases due to the stretching of the bushings, resulting in a loose and elongated chain. Elongation can lead to improper engagement with the sprockets and affect the overall performance of the chain.

2. Pin and Bushing Wear: The pins and bushings of a bush chain experience friction and wear during operation. Excessive wear can be observed as grooves or significant flattening of the pin surfaces or bushing bores. This wear can lead to increased clearances, reduced chain strength, and compromised performance.

3. Plate Wear: The inner and outer plates of a bush chain can also exhibit signs of wear. This can include visible signs of erosion, thinning of the plates, or rough surfaces. Plate wear can affect the chain’s overall strength and increase the risk of failure.

4. Sprocket Wear: Wear on the teeth of the sprockets is another indication of chain wear. Excessive wear can result in irregular tooth profiles, tooth tip thinning, or significant tooth wear. Sprocket wear can lead to poor chain engagement, increased noise, and reduced efficiency.

5. Misalignment: Misalignment of the chain can cause uneven wear on the pins, bushings, and plates. Signs of misalignment include uneven wear patterns, abnormal noise during operation, and premature failure of the chain components.

6. Increased Noise and Vibration: Excessive wear in a bush chain can result in increased noise and vibration during operation. Unusual rattling, clanking, or grinding sounds may indicate worn-out components or poor chain engagement.

Regular inspection of the chain and being attentive to these signs of wear and tear is crucial. When any of these signs are noticed, it is recommended to take appropriate measures such as replacing the chain or repairing the worn components to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the equipment.

bush chain

What are the applications of bush chains in industrial settings?

Bush chains, also known as bush roller chains or bushing chains, have a wide range of applications in various industrial settings. Their versatility and durability make them suitable for demanding environments and heavy-duty applications. Here are some common industrial applications of bush chains:

1. Industrial Machinery: Bush chains are used in a wide range of industrial machinery, including conveyors, material handling equipment, packaging machines, printing presses, and textile machinery. They provide reliable power transmission and can handle high loads and continuous operation.

2. Agricultural Equipment: Bush chains are extensively used in agricultural machinery such as tractors, combines, harvesters, and irrigation systems. They facilitate the transfer of power from the engine to various agricultural implements and enable efficient operation in tough farming conditions.

3. Automotive Systems: Bush chains find applications in automotive systems such as timing drives, camshaft drives, and engine oil pumps. They ensure precise synchronization of engine components and reliable power transmission for efficient and smooth operation.

4. Material Handling: Bush chains are commonly used in material handling equipment like forklifts, hoists, and cranes. They enable the lifting and movement of heavy loads and ensure reliable power transmission in demanding industrial environments.

5. Mining and Construction: In the mining and construction industries, bush chains are employed in equipment such as excavators, bulldozers, crushers, and conveyor systems. They can withstand harsh conditions, high loads, and abrasive materials commonly encountered in these industries.

6. Power Transmission: Bush chains are utilized in power transmission systems where torque and speed need to be transferred from one component to another. They are commonly found in power plants, pulp and paper mills, steel mills, and other heavy industrial applications.

7. Food Processing: Bush chains designed for food-grade applications are used in the food processing industry. They comply with strict hygiene and sanitation standards and are resistant to corrosion, allowing for safe and efficient operation in food production lines.

Overall, bush chains play a vital role in numerous industrial applications, providing reliable and efficient power transmission, durability, and resistance to harsh operating conditions. Their adaptability and strength make them a preferred choice in various industrial sectors.

China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts  China wholesaler Chain Industrial Manufacturer Motorcycle Chain 32B-2 B Series Carbon Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Conveyor Roller Chains and Bush Chains with Spare Parts
editor by CX 2023-08-31

China Good quality Short-Pitch 085-2 Precision General Hardware Parts Martin Sugar/Coal Machine Roller Chains with ISO/ASME/DIN/ANSI Standard with high quality

Merchandise Description

Simple Details

 

ANSI NO:  

 

forty one-2R

DIN/ISO NO:  

085-2

Pitch (mm):

12.7000

Roller Diameter(mm):

 

7.seventy seven

Interior Plate Width (mm):

 

6.twenty five

Common Tensile Power:

 

sixteen.9KN

Pin Diameter(mm):

 

three.58

Plate Thickness (mm):

 

1.thirty

Chain Dimension:

 

5F, 10F, 5Meters

Bodyweight / Meter (kgs/m):

 

.41

Origin:

HangZhou China

HS Code:

7315119000

 

one. Delivering 10 series far more than 8000 versions of chains,Heavy responsibility engineering chains, oil subject chains, weighty duty  port crane chains, metallurgy conveyor chains, extremely-high pressure escalator chains, mining chains, etc, and  personalized options. 

two. Far more than eighty% of our roller chain are exported to all over the planet, We are serving customers of top 5 of world CZPT companies , and much more than ninety% of our turnover are from the cooperation with the producers in the world.   

three. Possessing superior on-line inspection for computerized assembly traces.  

4. Possessing country degree Enterprise Technologies Heart,  we expense no much less than thirteen% of our annual turnover investment in R&D  every single 12 months.

5. Getting our own Standardization Management Committee in our business, and participated in the formulation and modification of the roller chain requirements of the People’s Republic of China.

SMCC roller chain is 1 of the most commonly utilized and welcome products in the industry. Its constant innovative improvement is ideal to be the remedies for numerous conditions, standard roller chains, bike driving chain, O-ring bike chain, high strength roller chain, conveyor chains, agricultural driving chain, galvanized chain, nickel-plated chain, lubrication-free chain and oilfield chain and so on
Our SMCC chain was produced by equipment processing from raw materials to completed items and a full set of good quality screening tools. Mechanical processing gear incorporate grinding devices, higher pace punching machines, milling equipment, higher pace computerized rolling and assembling equipment. Warmth remedy was processed by constant mesh belt conveyor furnace, mesh belt conveyor annealing furnace, innovative central handle program of heat treatment method, rotary CZPT for chain component heat treatment, which make certain the security and consistency of the crucial perform of chain elements.
We are the greatest suppliers of Chinese greatest palletizing robotic enterprises. These objects are tough good quality with inexpensive rates, change of Japan chains, ZheJiang chains exported to Europe, The usa, Asia and other nations around the world and regions.
Workshop Display

 

 

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the sort of chain generate most typically utilized for transmission of mechanical electricity on many varieties of domestic, industrial and agricultural equipment, such as conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, automobiles, motorcycles, and bicycles. It is composed of a series of brief cylindrical rollers held with each other by aspect hyperlinks. It is driven by a toothed wheel known as a sprocket. It is a simple, trustworthy, and successful indicates of electricity transmission.

Design OF THE CHAIN

Two diverse dimensions of roller chain, displaying design.
There are 2 kinds of hyperlinks alternating in the bush roller chain. The very first variety is interior backlinks, having 2 inner plates held jointly by 2 sleeves or bushings upon which rotate 2 rollers. Internal back links alternate with the 2nd variety, the outer hyperlinks, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing via the bushings of the interior back links. The “bushingless” roller chain is equivalent in operation though not in construction rather of individual bushings or sleeves keeping the inner plates with each other, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the gap which serves the same objective. This has the advantage of eliminating 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain style reduces friction in contrast to easier designs, resulting in larger performance and less put on. The first electrical power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with each the inner and outer plates held by pins which right contacted the sprocket tooth however this configuration exhibited incredibly fast wear of each the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This difficulty was partially solved by the advancement of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the put on above a greater spot nevertheless the tooth of the sprockets nonetheless wore far more quickly than is appealing, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers bordering the bushing sleeves of the chain and offered rolling speak to with the enamel of the sprockets ensuing in exceptional resistance to wear of each sprockets and chain as nicely. There is even quite minimal friction, as lengthy as the chain is adequately lubricated. Constant, cleanse, lubrication of roller chains is of principal significance for efficient operation as properly as proper tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Numerous driving chains (for case in point, in manufacturing facility gear, or driving a camshaft inside of an interior combustion engine) run in cleanse environments, and therefore the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are secure from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed atmosphere this kind of as an oil tub. Some roller chains are developed to have o-rings developed into the place amongst the outdoors website link plate and the inside of roller url plates. Chain producers started to contain this feature in 1971 following the application was invented by Joseph Montano even though working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to increase lubrication to the back links of electricity transmission chains, a service that is vitally essential to extending their working existence. These rubber fixtures type a barrier that retains manufacturing facility used lubricating grease within the pin and bushing use areas. Even more, the rubber o-rings avert filth and other contaminants from coming into inside the chain linkages, where this sort of particles would or else cause considerable use.[citation necessary]

There are also several chains that have to operate in filthy problems, and for dimension or operational factors cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm tools, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will automatically have reasonably high prices of wear, notably when the operators are well prepared to acknowledge a lot more friction, considerably less performance, a lot more noise and much more regular replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

A lot of oil-based mostly lubricants attract filth and other particles, sooner or later forming an CZPT paste that will compound dress in on chains. This difficulty can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels the two particles and moisture.

VARIANTS Design and style

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Internal plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not currently being utilised for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting movement from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding doorway on an oven), then 1 of the easier types of chain might still be utilized. Conversely, in which extra energy but the clean generate of a smaller pitch is necessary, the chain may be “siamesed” rather of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there could be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or a lot more rows of plates managing parallel, with bushings and rollers among every single adjacent pair, and the very same number of rows of tooth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for instance, usually have numerous rows of plates referred to as strands.

Roller chain is produced in several dimensions, the most widespread American National Expectations Institute (ANSI) expectations currently being 40, 50, sixty, and 80. The 1st digit(s) reveal the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit becoming 0 for common chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Therefore, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #forty even though a #160 sprocket would have tooth spaced 2 inches aside, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch as a result a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equal to an ANSI #forty. Most roller chain is made from simple carbon or alloy steel, but stainless metal is utilised in foods processing machinery or other spots the place lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally observed for the exact same purpose.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up employing a master website link (also acknowledged as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip instead than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with straightforward resources. Chain with a removable hyperlink or pin is also identified as cottered chain, which makes it possible for the duration of the chain to be altered. 50 percent backlinks (also identified as offsets) are offered and are used to boost the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master website link (also acknowledged as a connecting hyperlink) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are created to be resilient and are not detachable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain program
Roller chains are employed in reduced- to mid-velocity drives at around 600 to 800 toes for each minute however, at greater speeds, about 2,000 to 3,000 feet per moment, V-belts are generally utilized due to wear and sounds problems.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains might have a master hyperlink, or might need a chain device for removal and set up. A similar but more substantial and hence more powerful chain is utilized on most bikes though it is at times changed by either a toothed belt or a shaft travel, which offer you lower sound degree and less servicing requirements.
The wonderful majority of car engines use roller chains to travel the camshaft(s). Extremely substantial efficiency engines frequently use equipment travel, and starting in the early nineteen sixties toothed belts have been utilized by some companies.
Chains are also utilised in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to CZPT and lower the carriage nevertheless, these chains are not regarded roller chains, but are categorized as elevate or leaf chains.
Chainsaw reducing chains superficially resemble roller chains but are much more closely associated to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting travel backlinks which also provide to locate the chain on to the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain push from an air motor
A perhaps strange use of a pair of bike chains is in the Harrier Bounce Jet, the place a chain push from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, making it possible for them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for standard forward flight, a system recognized as Thrust vectoring.

Dress in

 

The impact of put on on a roller chain is to boost the pitch (spacing of the backlinks), triggering the chain to grow longer. Notice that this is thanks to dress in at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel elements this kind of as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With CZPT chains it is strange for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to put on until it breaks, because a worn chain prospects to the quick onset of dress in on the tooth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure becoming the loss of all the enamel on the sprocket. The sprockets (in distinct the scaled-down of the two) suffer a grinding motion that places a characteristic hook condition into the driven confront of the tooth. (This influence is manufactured even worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no issue what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no more time gives easy transmission of energy and this may turn into obvious from the sound, the vibration or (in car engines making use of a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing mild. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these circumstances, given that a new chain on worn sprockets will not last prolonged. Nonetheless, in less significant instances it could be possible to save the bigger of the 2 sprockets, considering that it is constantly the scaled-down 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in extremely light-weight-weight programs this kind of as a bicycle, or in excessive circumstances of improper stress, will the chain typically jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to dress in of a chain is calculated by the adhering to formulation:

M = the duration of a number of links calculated

S = the amount of links measured

P = Pitch

In market, it is common to check the motion of the chain tensioner (whether or not manual or automatic) or the precise length of a drive chain (a single rule of thumb is to change a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable push or 1.5% on a fixed-centre drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorbike consumer, is to endeavor to pull the chain absent from the greater of the 2 sprockets, even though making sure the chain is taut. Any substantial motion (e.g. producing it feasible to see via a gap) probably suggests a chain worn up to and past the restrict. Sprocket harm will consequence if the dilemma is disregarded. Sprocket dress in cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN Strength

The most widespread measure of roller chain’s energy is tensile energy. Tensile energy represents how significantly load a chain can face up to under a one-time load ahead of breaking. Just as critical as tensile energy is a chain’s tiredness power. The vital variables in a chain’s fatigue energy is the quality of metal utilized to manufacture the chain, the heat remedy of the chain parts, the good quality of the pitch gap fabrication of the linkplates, and the variety of shot additionally the depth of shot peen protection on the linkplates. Other aspects can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design and style (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain running on a continuous travel is for the chain load to not CZPT a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile energy, depending on the type of master back links employed (press-suit vs. slip-suit)[quotation essential]. Roller chains working on a continuous generate over and above these thresholds can and usually do are unsuccessful prematurely by way of linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimal greatest power of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,five hundred x (pitch, in inches)two. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease put on by implies of inside lubricants, rising chain existence. The interior lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain collectively.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Requirements organizations (this sort of as ANSI and ISO) keep expectations for layout, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For instance, the adhering to Desk demonstrates data from ANSI regular B29.1-2011 (Precision Electrical power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) designed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for extra info.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Regular SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Greatest Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Regular Sizes
Dimensions Pitch Optimum Roller Diameter Bare minimum Ultimate Tensile Energy Measuring Load
25 .250 in (6.35 mm) .130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 .375 in (9.fifty three mm) .200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) eighteen lb (8.2 kg)
41 .five hundred in (twelve.70 mm) .306 in (7.77 mm) one,500 lb (680 kg) eighteen lb (8.2 kg)
forty .five hundred in (12.70 mm) .312 in (7.ninety two mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (fourteen kg)
50 .625 in (fifteen.88 mm) .four hundred in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) forty nine lb (22 kg)
60 .750 in (19.05 mm) .469 in (11.ninety one mm) 7,030 lb (3,a hundred ninety kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 one.000 in (25.forty mm) .625 in (fifteen.88 mm) twelve,five hundred lb (5,seven hundred kg) 125 lb (fifty seven kg)
a hundred one.250 in (31.75 mm) .750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.ten mm) .875 in (22.23 mm) 28,one hundred twenty five lb (twelve,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) one.000 in (twenty five.40 mm) 38,280 lb (seventeen,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) fifty,000 lb (23,000 kg) five hundred lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) sixty three,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.fifty mm) one.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,one hundred seventy five lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 three.000 in (76.20 mm) one.875 in (47.sixty three mm) 112,five hundred lb (51,000 kg) one,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic functions, underneath is another presentation of important proportions from the very same common, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was portion of the thinking behind the choice of favored numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI common
chain quantity
Width (inches)
one4 twoeight 25 oneeight
3eight three8 35 316
onetwo foureight 41 1four
12 4eight four 516
58 five8 five threeeight
three4 6eight six 1two
1 88 8 5eight

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller facilities. The width is the distance in between the hyperlink plates (i.e. marginally more than the roller width to permit for clearance).
2. The proper-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
three. The remaining-hand digit denotes the quantity of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
four. An “H” adhering to the normal quantity denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number pursuing the standard quantity denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. As a result 60H-3 denotes amount sixty heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A common bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) employs slim 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not impact the load ability. The far more sprockets at the rear wheel (traditionally 3-6, nowadays 7-twelve sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are offered in accordance to the amount of speeds they are made to operate with, for instance, “ten pace chain”. Hub gear or one speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, exactly where 1/8″ refers to the highest thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Usually chains with parallel formed links have an even variety of backlinks, with each and every slim website link adopted by a broad one particular. Chains constructed up with a uniform kind of url, slender at 1 and wide at the other finish, can be created with an odd variety of hyperlinks, which can be an benefit to adapt to a special chainwheel-length on the other side this kind of a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains created utilizing ISO standard are occasionally known as as isochains.

 

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When the sprocket is critically worn, the new sprocket and new chain ought to be replaced at the exact same time to make sure great meshing. The new chain or new sprocket can not be replaced independently, in any other case, it will cause inadequate meshing and accelerate the put on of the new chain or new sprocket. The graphic to the appropriate exhibits the form of the worn sprocket. This can trigger the chain to adhere to the sprockets and not operate smoothly. At this time, the A spot can be floor off or turned above for use (referring to the sprocket utilized for the adjustable area). The sum of dress in at the joint is identified by the size of the chain and the speed of the chain. When the sum of use affects the normal operation of the chain drive, corrective actions should be taken or connected areas ought to be replaced.
Do not mix the old chain with some new chains, normally, vibration will very easily occur for the duration of the transmission approach, which will cause the chain to split.
The chain should be loaded with lubricating oil in time. Lubricating oil should enter the fit clearance of rollers and sleeves to enhance operating problems and lessen wear.
When the machine is saved for a prolonged time, the chain ought to be taken off, cThe part of chain elements
Chain plate
The chain plate is the element that bears the rigidity on the chain and bears repeated masses, sometimes accompanied by shocks. For that reason, the chainplate must not only have static strong tensile energy but also have the ability to endure loads and impacts. In addition, the chainplates need to meet environmental resistance demands (e.g. corrosion, wear, and so on.).
pin
The pin bears the shearing power and bending force transmitted by the chainplate, and in the approach of participating with the sprocket, the pin and the sleeve collectively represent the bearing portion. As a result, the pin requirements high tensile energy, shear strength, bending resistance, and has the characteristics of impact resistance and wear resistance.
sleeve
The sleeves are subjected to shear and bending stresses from the chainplates and rollers, and the sleeves are also subjected to shock masses when the chain is engaged with the sprockets.
Also, when the chain is tensioned, the interior area will type a load-bearing part with the pin. The outer surface area will also sort a load-bearing part with the internal surface area of the roller as it rotates on the keep track of or engages the sprocket. For that reason, it must have high distinct compressive energy, shear power, and influence and dress in resistance.
roller
When the chain meshes with the sprocket, the rollers are impacted by the sprocket teeth. Soon after weaving, the point of make contact with and power among the roller and the sprocket alterations. At this time, the roller is among the sprocket enamel and the sleeve and moves on the tooth surface area under the motion of force.
Additionally, the internal surface area of the roller and the outer floor of the sleeve jointly sort the bearing part when the roller rotates on the guidebook rail. Therefore, it must have wear resistance, impact resistance, fatigue resistance, and a high-force ratio coefficient.
Cotter pin, elastic locking plate, locking pin
These areas avert the outer chain plate from shifting and slipping off following the pin is moved axially. When the chain is running, these areas may collide with other parts on the gear and fall off, so the set up direction and bending angle of these areas are essential.
leaned with kerosene or diesel oil, then coated with oil or butter, and stored in a dry location to avert rust.

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